Amaranth lectins present potencial antitumor properties

Authors
Quiroga, Alejandra Viviana; Barrio, Daniel Alejandro; Añon, Maria Cristina
Publication Year
2015
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The possibility of reducing the risk of cancer is one of the most important challenges facing scientists. In this work we demonstrate that the amaranth lectin presents potential antitumor activity and we propose a mechanism of action. Our results indicate that the albumins and a hydrophobic fraction (MPI-h) from the Amaranthus mantegazzianus protein isolate (MPI) are capable of inhibiting UMR106 rat osteosarcoma-derived cell proliferation. Further fractionation of the hydrophobic fraction and LC-MS/MS analyses of the tryptic peptides showed the presence of lectin fragments in one active fraction. When a partially purified A. mantegazzianus lectin and the commercial Amaranthus caudatus lectin were tested as cell-proliferation inhibitors, both lectins showed high activity with an IC50 ¼ 0.1 mg/mL and 0.08 mg/mL respectively; similar to MPI-h activity. Lectins would exert a cytotoxic effect followed by cell apoptosis, in addition to inhibiting cell adhesion.
Fil: Quiroga, Alejandra Viviana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico la Plata. Centro de Investigaciones en Criotecnología de Alimentos (i); Argentina. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y Forestales; Argentina
Fil: Barrio, Daniel Alejandro. Universidad Nacional de Rio Negro. Sede Atlantica. Departamento de Investigación en Ciencias Exactas, Naturales y de Ingenieria; Argentina
Fil: Añon, Maria Cristina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico la Plata. Centro de Investigaciones en Criotecnología de Alimentos (i); Argentina. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas; Argentina
Subject
Amaranth proteins
Antiproliferative effect
Lectin
Alimentos y Bebidas
Otras Ingenierías y Tecnologías
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/10619