(Iso)Flav(an)ones, chalcones, catechins, and theaflavins as anticarcinogens: Mechanisms, anti-multidrug resistance and QSAR studies

Authors
Mercader, Andrew Gustavo; Pomilio, Alicia Beatriz
Publication Year
2012
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Flavonoids have shown anticarcinogenic activity in cancer cell lines, animal models, and some human studies. Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models have become useful tools for identification of promising lead compounds in anticancer drug development. However, epidemiological and clinical studies are still scarce. Compounds with flavonoid scaffold have been the subject of many mechanistic studies in cells, but information on human chemopreventive properties is still missing. The knowledge of the mechanisms of action, anti-multidrug resistance, and QSAR studies on flavonoids and related compounds may help to enhance research on these compounds and their bioactivity. Therefore, once the issue is introduced, the mechanisms involved, and QSAR studies developed to predict the activity and toxicity of these chemicals to biological systems are discussed. QSAR studies on flavonoids as inhibitors of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2), 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17β-HSD), PIM-1 kinase and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are analyzed. Combined treatment of flavonoids with TRAIL and current chemotherapy agents is also discussed as a promising cancer chemoprevention and/or therapy.
Fil: Mercader, Andrew Gustavo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad Medicina. Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular; Argentina
Fil: Pomilio, Alicia Beatriz. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad Medicina. Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular; Argentina
Subject
(ISO)FLAVONES
ANTICARCINOGENS
CATECHINS
CHALCONES
FLAVANONES
FLAVONOIDS
FLAVONOIDS/CHEMOTHERAPY
FLAVONOIDS/TRAIL
QSAR
THEAFLAVINS
TRAIL
Otras Ciencias Químicas
Ciencias Químicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Otras Ciencias de la Salud
Ciencias de la Salud
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/67341