Effect of bitter compounds on amylase secretion in murine submandibular glands: Signaling pathway mechanisms

Authors
Dasso, Maximiliano Carlos; Pagotto, Romina María del Luján; Pignataro, Omar Pedro; Diez, Roberto Alejandro; Sales, María Elena
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Background: Amylase is synthesized in submandibular glands (SMG) and released into the oral cavity to degrade carbohydrates in the mouth. Bitter taste receptors (T2R) belong to the G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) family and are expressed in the taste cells and also in the digestive tract. Methods: The activity of amylase secreted by murine SMG was measured, detecting maltose by Bernfeld's method. Amylase and T2R6 were detected by imunohistochemistry and Western blot. The expression of Ggustducin, Gi, and phospholipase Cβ2 was also studied by Western blot. cAMP levels were measured by radioimmunoassay and inositol monophosphate production was quantified by ELISA. Results: Theophylline, denatonium and cycloheximide exerted a dose-dependent inhibition on amylase secretion. This effect was reverted by preincubating SMG with an anti-Gαi antibody. cAMP production was increased by the same compounds, an effect that was also abrogated by an anti-Gαi antibody. Bitter compounds reduced inositol monophosphate formation in SMG and H-89, a protein kinase A inhibitor, reverted this action, revealing that this protein kinase down regulates phospholipase C activity. General significance: We demonstrated that theophylline, denatonium and cycloheximide inhibit salivary amylase secretion, activating an intracellular signaling pathway that involves cAMP and phospholipase C, that cross talks via protein kinase A. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Fil: Dasso, Maximiliano Carlos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Centro de Estudios Farmacológicos y Botánicos. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Centro de Estudios Farmacológicos y Botánicos; Argentina
Fil: Pagotto, Romina María del Luján. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Pignataro, Omar Pedro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Fundación de Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Química Biológica; Argentina
Fil: Diez, Roberto Alejandro. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Cátedra de Farmacología; Argentina
Fil: Sales, María Elena. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Centro de Estudios Farmacológicos y Botánicos. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Centro de Estudios Farmacológicos y Botánicos; Argentina
Subject
AMYLASE
BITTER AGONIST
CAMP
GI PROTEIN
INOSITOL MONOPHOSPHATE
PROTEIN KINASE A
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/52027