Phytoplankton and Physicochemical Analysis on the Water System of the Temperate Estuary in South America:Bahía Blanca Estuary, Argentina

Authors
Guinder, Valeria Ana; Popovich, Cecilia Angelines; Perillo, Gerardo Miguel E.
Publication Year
2012
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Under the contemporary scenario of global climate change and increasing coastal eutrophication, baseline studies of phytoplankton diversity and distribution in relation to habitat conditions constitute the first approach to evaluate potential shifts at the base of the food webs. Here we present data of phytoplankton species composition and environmental variables in winter 2006 in a temperate estuary in South America, Argentina. The results showed that the Bahía Blanca Estuary is markedly turbid (particulate suspended matter up to 60 mg L-1) with high nutrient concentrations. Apparently, besides high light attenuation coefficients (k up to 2.7 m-1), the combination of a shallow (~7 m depth) and well mix water column in the innermost zone of the estuary allows light penetration (mean light intensity in the mixed zone Im 57.8 μEm-2s-1 and euphotic zone to mixed zone ratio Zeu:Zm over 0.2), intensive nutrient regeneration and eventually phytoplankton massive growth (up to 1.8 x 106 cells L-1). Moreover, the relatively low residence time and the low river runoff seem to promote the accumulation of nutrients and phytoplankton biomass in the head of the estuary. Anthropogenic activities and autochthonous production are responsible of high particulate organic matter loads (8.3 ± 1.5 mg L-1). Diatoms appeared as the dominant group in winter with the emergence of Cyclotella aff. choctawatcheena (5-15 μm) as the dominant species (up to 82 % of the total phytoplankton abundance). The distribution and habitat preferences of this diatom are briefly discussed in relation to the pelagic environment in the Bahía Blanca Estuary.
Fil: Guinder, Valeria Ana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía; Argentina
Fil: Popovich, Cecilia Angelines. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Perillo, Gerardo Miguel E.. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía; Argentina
Subject
PHYTOPLANKTON DIVERSITY
DIATOMS
ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES
MESOTIDAL ESTUARY
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/78013