Directional selection for flowering time leads to adaptive evolution in Raphanus raphanistrum (Wild radish)

Authors
Ashworth, Michael B.; Walsh, Michael J.; Flower, Ken C.; Vila Aiub, Martin Miguel; Powles, Stephen B.
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Herbicides have been the primary tool for controlling large populations of yield depleting weeds from agro-ecosystems, resulting in the evolution of widespread herbicide resistance. In response, nonherbicidal techniques have been developed which intercept weed seeds at harvest before they enter the soil seed bank. However, the efficiency of these techniques allows an intense selection for any trait that enables weeds to evade collection, with early-flowering ecotypes considered likely to result in early seed shedding. Using a field-collected wild radish population, five recurrent generations were selected for early maturity and three generations for late maturity. Phenology associated with flowering time and growth traits were measured. Our results demonstrate the adaptive capacity of wild radish to halve its time to flowering following five generations of early-flowering selection. Early-maturing phenotypes had reduced height and biomass at maturity, leading to less competitive, more prostrate growth forms. Following three generations of late-flowering selection, wild radish doubled its time to flowering time leading to increased biomass and flowering height at maturity. This study demonstrates the potential for the rapid evolution in growth traits in response to highly effective seed collection techniques that imposed a selection on weed populations within agro-ecosystems at harvest.
Fil: Ashworth, Michael B.. University of Western Australia; Australia. Curtin University; Australia
Fil: Walsh, Michael J.. University of Western Australia; Australia
Fil: Flower, Ken C.. University of Western Australia; Australia
Fil: Vila Aiub, Martin Miguel. University of Western Australia; Australia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía; Argentina
Fil: Powles, Stephen B.. University of Western Australia; Australia
Subject
BIOMASS
EVOLUTION
FLOWERING HEIGHT
FLOWERING TIME
PHENOTYPIC RESISTANCE
WILD RADISH
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/52068