Inhibitory effects of anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor strategies in experimental dopamine resistant prolactinomas

Authors
Luque, Guillermina Maria; Pérez Millán, María Inés; Ornstein, Ana Maria; Cristina, Carolina; Becu, Damasia
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Prolactin-secreting adenomas are the most frequent type among pituitary tumors, and pharmacological therapy with dopamine agonists remains the mainstay of treatment. But some adenomas are resistant, and a decrease in the number or function of dopamine D2 receptors (D2Rs) has been described in these cases. D2R knockout [Drd2(-/-)] mice have chronic hyperprolactinemia and pituitary hyperplasia and provide an experimental model for dopamine agonist-resistant prolactinomas. We described previously that disruption of D2Rs increases vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. We therefore designed two strategies of antiangiogenesis using prolactinomas generated in Drd2(-/-) female mice: direct intra-adenoma mVEGF R1 (Flt-1)/Fc chimera (VEGF-TRAP) injection for 3 weeks [into subcutaneously transplanted pituitaries from Drd2(-/-) mice] and systemic VEGF neutralization with the specific monoclonal antibody G6-31. Both strategies resulted in substantial decrease of prolactin content and lactotrope area, and a reduction in tumor size was observed in in situ prolactinomas. There were significant decreases in vascularity, evaluated by cluster of differentiation molecule 31 vessel staining, and proliferation (proliferating cell nuclear antigen staining) in response to both anti-VEGF treatments. These data demonstrate that the antiangiogenic approach was effective in inhibiting the growth of in situ dopamine-resistant prolactinomas as well as in the transplanted adenomas. No differences in VEGF protein expression were observed after either anti-VEGF treatment, and, although serum VEGF was increased in G6-31-treated mice, pituitary activation of the VEGF receptor 2 signaling pathway was reduced. Our results indicate that, even though the role of angiogenesis in pituitary adenomas is contentious, VEGF might contribute to adequate vascular supply and represent a supplementary therapeutic target in dopamine agonist-resistant prolactinomas.
Fil: Luque, Guillermina Maria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental (i); Argentina
Fil: Pérez Millán, María Inés. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental (i); Argentina
Fil: Ornstein, Ana Maria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental (i); Argentina
Fil: Cristina, Carolina. Universidad Nacional del Noroeste de la Provincia de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Becu, Damasia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental (i); Argentina
Subject
PROLACTINOMA
ANTIANGIOGENESIS
VEGF-TRAP
MAB G6-31
Patología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Fisiología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/10841