Design of macrocapsules to improve bacterial viability and supplementation with a probiotic for young calves

Authors
Soto, Lorena Paola; Frizzo, Laureano Sebastian; Avataneo, Elizabeth; Zbrun, María Virginia; Bertozzi, Ezequiel; Sequeira, Gabriel Jorge; Signorini Porchietto, Marcelo Lisandro; Rosmini, Marcelo Raul
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The gastrointestinal tract of calves is sterile at birth, and intestinal microorganisms are introduced from fecal, vaginal and environmental microbiota. The balance of the intestinal ecosystem of calves can be altered in farming systems due to separation from their mothers, feeding with milk replacers and elimination of the benefits of cows' milk, inadequate colostrum intake, stressful situations and use of antibiotics. Such practices may cause morbidity and mortality of young calves which can be related to economic losses. Periodic administration of a probiotic inoculum of bovine origin may favor establishment of a stable and balanced intestinal microbiota, which would improve the health of the calves. The viability and number of microorganisms inoculated is vital because the suggested minimum level (SML) of bacteria to produce beneficial effects is 106CFU/ml. A technique that is currently being implemented to maintain the viability of probiotics is encapsulation, which consists of retaining the microorganisms within a porous gel matrix or within a semipermeable membrane containing a liquid core. In our study, we describe a new technique to produce alginate-starch macrocapsules, with the aim of producing probiotic macrocapsules to ensure bacterial viability during storage, and to facilitate administration of the inoculum to young calves with feed. To this end, we used the strain Lactobacillus casei DSPV 318T, a probiotic inoculum of bovine origin, and it was evaluated by two formulations for conformation of the capsules: one of sodium alginate (10g/l) and another of sodium alginate (5g/l)+corn starch (5g/l). These mixtures were dispersed into molds of 1 and 2ml, placed at -20°C, and, once frozen, submerged in a solution of CaCl2 (0.1M) for polymerization of alginate to maintain their shape and size. The capsules containing of 5g/l of alginate +5g/l of starch had the highest cellular count, and the incubation of the capsules in culture media for 9h increased the bacterial concentration. Viability of cells was maintained at the SML for 2mo by coating the capsules with chitosan and refrigerating at 4°C. This was reflected in a final product with a high concentration of probiotic accessible for artificial rearing of calves, with a sufficiently long expiration time, and with a size similar to the feed starter pellet, which allowed it to be mixed homogeneously with the feed which was fed to the calves.
Fil: Soto, Lorena Paola. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Salud Pública Veterinaria; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe; Argentina
Fil: Frizzo, Laureano Sebastian. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe; Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Salud Pública Veterinaria; Argentina
Fil: Avataneo, Elizabeth. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Salud Pública Veterinaria; Argentina
Fil: Zbrun, María Virginia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe; Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Salud Pública Veterinaria; Argentina
Fil: Bertozzi, Ezequiel. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Salud Pública Veterinaria; Argentina
Fil: Sequeira, Gabriel Jorge. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Salud Pública Veterinaria; Argentina. Universidad Católica de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias; Argentina
Fil: Signorini Porchietto, Marcelo Lisandro. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional Santa Fe. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe; Argentina
Fil: Rosmini, Marcelo Raul. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Salud Pública Veterinaria; Argentina. Universidad Católica de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias; Argentina
Subject
CALVES
ENCAPSULATION
PROBIOTICS
VIABILITY
Producción Animal y Lechería
Producción Animal y Lechería
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/74458