Advanced Glycation Endproducts and Alendronate Differentially Inhibit early and Late Osteoclastogenesis In vitro

Authors
Gangoiti, Maria Virginia; Arnol, Verònica; Cortizo, Ana María; McCarthy, Antonio Desmond
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Advanced Glycation Endproducts (AGEs) are greatly elevated in bone extracellular matrix of patients with Diabetes mellitus, and this has been associated with the increased incidence of fractures observed in these patients. AGEs affect the homeostasis of bone cells such as osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Bisphosphonates are first-line anti-osteoporotic drugs that principally exert their effects by inhibiting osteoclastic activity. However, the effect of bisphosphonate treatment on bone quality in patients with Diabetes is uncertain. In the present work we have evaluated the action of AGEs (50-200 μg/ml), with or without Alendronate (10-8-10-4M), on osteoclastogenesis induced by co-cultures of Raw 264.7 macrophages and UMR106 osteoblasts. We determined the effects of different culture conditions on osteoclastic recruitment, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity and expression of RAGE (receptor for AGEs); and on the osteoblastic expression of RANK ligand (RANKL). AGEs and Alendronate inhibited the recruitment and TRAP activity of osteoclasts, with an additive effect of both agents at high concentrations of Alendronate. While AGEs prevented the early and late stages of osteoclastogenesis, Alendronate (alone or in co-incubation with AGEs) only inhibited its later stages. In addition, both AGEs and Alendronate increased the osteoclastic expression of RAGE and decreased the osteoblastic expression of RANKL, correlating closely with their inhibition of osteoclastogenesis. If these in vitro results can be extrapolated to a clinical setting, they may be indicating a potentiation of the anti-resorptive effects of Alendronate in the context of bone extracellular matrix with excess accumulation of AGEs, as might occur in a patient with Diabetes mellitus.
Fil: Gangoiti, Maria Virginia. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas. Laboratorio de Investigación en Osteospatías y Metabolismo Mineral; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Arnol, Verònica. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas. Laboratorio de Investigación en Osteospatías y Metabolismo Mineral; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Cortizo, Ana María. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas. Laboratorio de Investigación en Osteospatías y Metabolismo Mineral; Argentina
Fil: McCarthy, Antonio Desmond. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas. Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas. Laboratorio de Investigación en Osteospatías y Metabolismo Mineral; Argentina
Subject
Advanced glycation endproducts
Osteoclasts
Alendronate
RAGE
RANKL
Bioquímica y Biología Molecular
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/23956