Bird-mediated selection on fruit display traits in Celtis ehrenbergiana (Cannabaceae)

Authors
Palacio, Facundo Xavier; Lacoretz, Mariela Verónica; Ordano, Mariano Andrés
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Background: In mutualistic interactions of fleshy-fruited plants and seed-dispersing birds, dispersers act as natural selection agents on fruit display traits. Bird-mediated phenotypic selection on maternal and seed level plant traits has been postulated to be uncoupled. However, this key step in the understanding of the co-evolutionary processes has seldom been explored. Goals: To study the pattern and strength of phenotypic selection exerted by birds on two different plant life stages: maternal (mean and within-plant variation of fruit traits) and offspring (individual seed size) levels. Organism: The one-seeded fleshy-fruited tree, Celtis ehrenbergiana (Klotzsch) Liebm. Field site: Natural forests of the Biosphere Reserve ‘Parque Costero del Sur’, near the shore of the Río de La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Methods: We sampled 24 randomly selected trees. For each focal tree, we recorded bird visits and behaviour, and fruit-related traits. Dispersed seeds were collected at the same location. Results: At the maternal level, birds exerted positive directional selection on mean sugar concentration. Sub-individual variation in fruit traits was not observed to be a target of bird-mediated selection. At the individual seed level, birds exerted positive directional selection on seed size. Conclusions: While birds exert selection pressures on reward-related traits, plants obtain an advantage through a larger seed size.
Fil: Palacio, Facundo Xavier. Fundación Miguel Lillo; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Lacoretz, Mariela Verónica. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución. Laboratorio de Ecología y Comportamiento Animal; Argentina
Fil: Ordano, Mariano Andrés. Fundación Miguel Lillo; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Subject
PHENOTYPIC SELECTION
NATURAL SELECTION
PLANT-ANIMAL INTERACTIONS
MUTUALISM
SEED DISPERSAL
SELECTION GRADIENTS
COEVOLUTION
MATERNAL AND OFFSPRING LEVELS
Biología
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/14475