Conformation-Sensitive Steroid and Fatty Acid Sites in the Transmembrane Domain of the Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor

Authors
Fernández Nievas, Gaspar Antonio; Barrantes, Francisco Jose; Antollini, Silvia Susana
Publication Year
2007
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The mechanism by which some hydrophobic molecules such as steroids and free fatty acids (FFA) act as noncompetitive inhibitors of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) is still not known. In the present work, we employ Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the intrinsic fluorescence of membrane-bound Torpedo californica AChR and the fluorescent probe Laurdan using the decrease in FRET efficiency (E) caused by steroids and FFA to identify potential sites of these hydrophobic molecules. Structurally different steroids produced similar changes (DeltaE) in FRET, and competition studies between them demonstrate that they occupy the same site(s). They also share their binding site(s) with FFA. Furthermore, the FRET conditions define the location of the sites at the lipid-protein interface. Endogenous production of FFA by controlled phospholipase A2 enzymatic digestion of membrane phospholipids yielded DeltaE values similar to those obtained by addition of exogenous ligand. This finding, together with the preservation of the sites in membranes subjected to controlled proteolysis of the extracellular AChR moiety with membrane-impermeable proteinase K, further refines the topology of the sites at the AChR transmembrane domain. Agonist-induced desensitization resulted in the masking of the sites observed in the absence of agonist, thus demonstrating the conformational sensitivity of FFA and steroid sites in the AChR.
Fil: Fernández Nievas, Gaspar Antonio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Bahía Blanca. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Bahía Blanca; Argentina. Unesco; Argentina
Fil: Barrantes, Francisco Jose. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Bahía Blanca. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Bahía Blanca; Argentina. Unesco; Argentina
Fil: Antollini, Silvia Susana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Bahía Blanca. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de Bahía Blanca; Argentina. Unesco; Argentina
Subject
AChR
FRET
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/43914