Differential expression of the fractalkine chemokine receptor (CX 3 CR1) in human monocytes during differentiation

Authors
Panek, Cecilia Analía; Ramos, Maria Victoria; Mejias, María Pilar; Abrey Recalde, Maria Jimena; Fernández Brando, Romina Jimena; Gori, María Soledad; Salamone, Gabriela Veronica; Palermo, Marina Sandra
Publication Year
2015
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Circulating monocytes (Mos) may continuously repopulate macrophage (MAC) or dendritic cell (DC) populations to maintain homeostasis. MACs and DCs are specialized cells that play different and complementary immunological functions. Accordingly, they present distinct migratory properties. Specifically, whereas MACs largely remain in tissues, DCs are capable of migrating from peripheral tissues to lymphoid organs. The aim of this work was to analyze the expression of the fractalkine receptor (CX3 CR1) during the monocytic differentiation process. Freshly isolated Mos express high levels of both CX3 CR1 mRNA and protein. During the Mo differentiation process, CX3 CR1 is downregulated in both DCs and MACs. However, MACs showed significantly higher CX3 CR1 expression levels than did DC. We also observed an antagonistic CX3 CR1 regulation by interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-4 during MAC activation through the classical and alternative MAC pathways, respectively. IFN-γ inhibited the loss of CX3 CR1, but IL-4 induced it. Additionally, we demonstrated an association between CX3 CR1 expression and apoptosis prevention by soluble fractalkine (sCX3 CL1) in Mos, DCs and MACs. This is the first report demonstrating sequential and differential CX3 CR1 modulation during Mo differentiation. Most importantly, we demonstrated a functional link between CX3 CR1 expression and cell survival in the presence of sCX3 CL1.
Fil: Panek, Cecilia Analía. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Ramos, Maria Victoria. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Mejias, María Pilar. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Abrey Recalde, Maria Jimena. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Fernández Brando, Romina Jimena. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Gori, María Soledad. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Salamone, Gabriela Veronica. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Palermo, Marina Sandra. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Subject
DENDRITIC CELLS
FRACTALKINE RECEPTOR
MACROPHAGES
MONOCYTES
SURVIVAL
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/37164