Multiple abiotic stresses on maize grain yield determination: Additive vs multiplicative effects

Authors
Rossini, Maria de Los Angeles; Maddonni, Gustavo Angel; Otegui, Maria Elena
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Interactions between nitrogen (Ns) and water stress (Ws) effects on annual crops productivity have been widely investigated in Mediterranean-type regions, but not in the humid temperate ones as the central Pampas of Argentina, where early-sown maize crops are usually exposed to severe yield penalties due to the mentioned stresses. Additionally, the recommendation of increasing plant populations promoted by seed companies may push crops to high density stress (HDs), which has usually a multiplicative (i.e. less intensive) and not an additive (i.e. more intensive) effect when combined with other constraints. In current research we re-examined multiple stress effects (HDs, Ns, Ws and the interaction of HDs with either Ns or Ws) on the determinants of grain yield of two maize hybrids, and used relative plant biomass (SI = 1 − stress/reference) as an integrative seasonal index for describing their intensities. Field experiments included two maize hybrids of contrasting tolerance to stress (high for AX820 and low for AX877), grown under different combinations of stand densities (9 and 12 plants m−2) and N offer (0 and 200 kg N ha−1) or water regime (well-watered and water deficit). The SI of combined stresses was always larger than the SI of any individual stress. For the tolerant hybrid, effects of combined abiotic stresses on SI were always multiplicative, whereas for the intolerant one the response intensified (i.e., turned additive or even synergic) under Ws × HDs. For both hybrids, a single model described the sensitivity of certain traits (number of complete and total florets, number of exposed silks) to the wide range of evaluated SIs, whereas independent models were necessary to accommodate the variation observed in the anthesis-silking interval associated with Ws and Ns. The second pattern was also observed in the case of kernel number per plant and plant grain yield of the intolerant but not of the tolerant hybrid. The former was more sensitive to Ws than the latter. Our results confirm a different sensitivity of the analyzed traits according to the origin of stress and the genotypic variability in these responses.
Fil: Rossini, Maria de Los Angeles. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro de Investigaciones y Transferencia del Noroeste de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Universidad Nacional del Noroeste de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Centro de Investigaciones y Transferencia del Noroeste de la Provincia de Buenos Aires; Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Noroeste de la Provincia de Buenos Aires; Argentina
Fil: Maddonni, Gustavo Angel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Departamento de Producción Vegetal; Argentina
Fil: Otegui, Maria Elena. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Departamento de Producción Vegetal; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Subject
MAIZE
MULTIPLE ABIOTIC STRESSES
REPRODUCTIVE DEVELOPMENT
KERNEL NUMBER
Agricultura
Agricultura, Silvicultura y Pesca
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/46734