Cardiovascular disease is associated with high-fat-diet-induced liver damage and up-regulation of the hepatic expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α in a rat model

Authors
Burgueño, Adriana Laura; Fernandez Gianotti, Tomas; Gonzales Mansilla, Noelia Luz; Pirola, Carlos Jose; Sookoian, Silvia Cristina
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
CVD (cardiovascular disease) is associated with abnormal liver enzymes, and NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) is independently associated with cardiovascular risk. To gain insights into the molecular events underlying the association between liver enzymes and CVD, we developed an HFD (high-fat diet)-induced NAFLD in the SHR (spontaneously hypertensive rat) and its control WKY (Wistar–Kyoto) rat strain. We hypothesized that hepatic induction of Hif1a (hypoxia-inducible factor 1α) might be the link between CVD and liver injury. Male SHRs (n=13) and WKY rats (n=14) at 16 weeks of age were divided into two experimental groups: standard chow diet and HFD (10 weeks). HFD-fed rats, irrespective of the strain, developed NAFLD; however, only HFD-SHRs had focus of lobular inflammation and high levels of hepatic TNFα (tumour necrosis factor α). SHRs had significantly higher liver weight and ALT (alanine aminotransferase) levels, irrespective of NAFLD. Liver abundance of Hif1a mRNA and Hif1α protein were overexpressed in SHRs (P<0.04) and were significantly correlated with ALT levels (R=0.50, P<0.006). This effect was not reverted by a direct acting splanchnic vasodilator (hydralazine). Angiogenesis may be induced by the HFD, but the disease model showed significantly higher hepatic Vegf (vascular endothelial growth factor) levels (P<0.025) even in absence of dietary insult. Hif1a mRNA overexpression was not observed in other tissues. Liver mRNA of Nr1d1 (nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group D, member 1; P<0.04), Ppara [Ppar (peroxisome-proliferatoractivated receptor) α; P<0.05], Pparg (Pparγ; P<0.001) and Sirt1 (Sirtuin 1; P<0.001) were significantly upregulated in SHRs, irrespective of NAFLD. Sirt1 and Hif1a mRNAs were significantly correlated (R=0.71, P<0.00002). In conclusion, CVD is associated with Hif1a-related liver damage, hepatomegaly and reprogramming of liver metabolism, probably to compensate metabolic demands.
Fil: Burgueño, Adriana Laura. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Oficina de Coordinacion Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones Medicas; Argentina
Fil: Fernandez Gianotti, Tomas. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Oficina de Coordinacion Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones Medicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas; Argentina
Fil: Gonzales Mansilla, Noelia Luz. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Oficina de Coordinacion Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones Medicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas; Argentina
Fil: Pirola, Carlos Jose. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Oficina de Coordinacion Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones Medicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas; Argentina
Fil: Sookoian, Silvia Cristina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Oficina de Coordinacion Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones Medicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas; Argentina
Subject
Arterial hypertension
Fatty liver
Hipoxia
Hipoxia inducible factor 1α
Liver damage
Metabolic syndrome
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Otras Ciencias de la Salud
Ciencias de la Salud
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/15095