Biodeterioration of Funeral Sculptures in La Recoleta Cemetery, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Pre and post-intervention studies

Authors
Guiamet, Patricia Sandra; Crespo, Miguel; Lavin, Paola; Ponce, Beatriz; Gaylarde, Christine; Gómez de Saravia, Sandra Gabriela
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Stone materials exposed to weathering are subject to biological colonization and consequently to biofilm formation, causing biodeterioration. The color changes on the stone substrates caused by biogenic pigments, mechanical stress on the mineral structure due to extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and the accumulation of atmospheric pollutants by the biofilm are some of the deteriogenic effects, which modify esthetic and functional aspects of the work. The aim of this study was to determine biodeterioration and biofilm formation on marble tombstones from La Recoleta Cemetery, Buenos Aires, Argentina. The effect of the biocide benzalkonium chloride on biofilm formation was studied, and a chart produced of the treated tombstones. Pre- and post-intervention microbiological studies, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray dispersion analysis showed a significant decrease of the biofilm flora after treatment. However, algae of the genus Trentepohlia were difficult to eradicate. These studies are a valuable contribution to determine restoration criteria against biofilm formation, to characterize chromatic variations of biological origin on the stone and to formulate conservation and restoration policies.
Fil: Guiamet, Patricia Sandra. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico la Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicoquímicas Teóricas y Aplicadas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de La Plata; Argentina
Fil: Crespo, Miguel. Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Ministerio de Cultura. Subsecretaría de Patrimonio; Argentina
Fil: Lavin, Paola. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico la Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicoquímicas Teóricas y Aplicadas; Argentina
Fil: Ponce, Beatriz. Secretaría de Industria y Minería. Servicio Geologico Minero Argentino; Argentina
Fil: Gaylarde, Christine. University of Portsmouth; Reino Unido
Fil: Gómez de Saravia, Sandra Gabriela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico la Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicoquímicas Teóricas y Aplicadas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de La Plata; Argentina
Subject
BIOFILMS
BIODETERIORATION
FUNERAL SCULPTURES
TRENTEPOHLIA
Química Coloidal
Ciencias Químicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/6369