Shedding of TNFR1 induced by protein A decreases TNF-alfa; availability and inflammation during systemic Staphylococcus aureus infection

Authors
Giai, Constanza; Gonzalez, Cintia Daniela; Ledo, Camila; Garofalo, Ailin Natalia; Di Genaro, Maria Silvia; Sordelli, Daniel Oscar; Gomez, Marisa Ines
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Staphylococcus aureus infections are an important concern in public health due to their increasing incidence and high rates of mortality. The S. aureus success as a pathogen is highly related to its enormous capacity to evade the host immune response. The critical role of TNF-alpha in the initial host defense against staphylococcal systemic infection has been demonstrated in experimental models and may partially explain the lack of significant benefits observed in clinical trials attempting to neutralize this cytokine in septic patients. S. aureus protein A plays a key role in regulating inflammation through its ability to bind and signal through the TNF-alpha receptor (TNFR1). In this study, we demonstrate that S. aureus, via protein A mediated signaling, induces early shedding of soluble TNFR1 which precedes the secretion of TNF-alpha in vitro and in vivo. The results obtained using a protein A deficient mutant and tnfr1-/- mice strongly suggest that the increased levels of soluble TNFR1 present during S. aureus experimental infection may neutralize circulating TNF-alpha and impair the host inflammatory response. Early shedding of soluble TNFR1 induced by protein A may constitute a novel mechanism by which S. aureus subverts the host immune response.
Fil: Giai, Constanza. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones En Microbiología y Parasitología Médica; Argentina
Fil: Gonzalez, Cintia Daniela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones En Microbiología y Parasitología Médica; Argentina
Fil: Ledo, Camila. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Microbiología; Argentina
Fil: Garofalo, Ailin Natalia. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento de Microbiología; Argentina
Fil: Di Genaro, Maria Silvia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico San Luis. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Investigaciones Biológicas de San Luis; Argentina
Fil: Sordelli, Daniel Oscar. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones En Microbiología y Parasitología Médica; Argentina
Fil: Gomez, Marisa Ines. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Investigaciones En Microbiología y Parasitología Médica; Argentina
Subject
STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
PROTEIN A
TNF-ALPHA
INFLAMMATION
Enfermedades Infecciosas
Ciencias de la Salud
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/6594