Comparison of nitrogen fertilizer demand for wheat production between humid and semi-arid portions of the Argentinean Pampas using a mass balance method
- Romano, Nicolás F.; Alvarez, Roberto; Bono, Alfredo A.; Steinbach, Haydee S.
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- The Argentinean Pampa is an important grain production region in which nitrogen (N) availability restricts wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield. We performed 46 experiments in the Semi-arid Pampa for evaluating soil N supplying capacity using a mass balance approach. The information generated was combined with published results from 58 experiments performed in the Humid Pampa. Average rainfall was 50% lower under semi-arid conditions and soils had half of the clay + silt and total N contents than those of humid environments. Wheat yield under humid scenarios doubled the yield attained under semi-arid ones, and N and rainfall use efficiencies were also higher. A model could be fitted with good performance for estimating N-supplying capacity from mineral and organic soil pools (R2 = 0.53–0.93), absorbed N (R2 = 0.70) and yield (R2 = 0.57). This methodology can be used for estimating fertilizer needs under defined climate- and site-specific scenarios. For the average yields, rainfall and soil conditions of the experimental networks, targeted N supply (soil mineral + fertilizer N) was estimated as 160 kg N ha−1 in the Humid Pampa and 50 kg N ha−1 in the Semiarid Pampa. Current N rates applied by farmers need to be increased under humid conditions and overfertilization occurs under semi-arid ones.
Fil: Romano, Nicolás F.. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional la Pampa-San Luis. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Anguil; Argentina
Fil: Alvarez, Roberto. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Bono, Alfredo A.. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional la Pampa-San Luis. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Anguil; Argentina
Fil: Steinbach, Haydee S.. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomia; Argentina
Balance de nitrógeno
Mineralización de nitrógeno
Agricultura, Silvicultura y Pesca
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