Meta-analysis of mitochondrial DNA reveals several population bottlenecks during worldwide migrations of cattle

Authors
Lenstra, Johannes A.; Ajmone Marsan, Paolo; Beja Pereira, Albano; Bollongino, Ruth; Bradley, Daniel G.; Colli, Licia; De Gaetano, Anna; Edwards, Ceiridwen J.; Felius, Marleen; Ferretti, Luca; Ginja, Catarina; Hristov, Peter; Kantanen, Juha; Liron, Juan Pedro; Magee, David A.; Negrini, Riccardo; Radoslavov, Georgi A.
Publication Year
2014
Language
Spanish
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Several studies have investigated the differentiation of mitochondrial DNA in Eurasian, African and American cattle as well as archaeological bovine material. A global survey of these studies shows that haplogroup distributions are more stable in time than in space. All major migrations of cattle have shifted the haplogroup distributions considerably with a reduction of the number of haplogroups and/or an expansion of haplotypes that are rare or absent in the ancestral populations. The most extreme case is the almost exclusive colonization of Africa by the T1 haplogroup, which is rare in Southwest Asian cattle. In contrast, ancient samples invariably show continuity with present-day cattle from the same location. These findings indicate strong maternal founder effects followed by limited maternal gene flow when new territories are colonized. However, effects of adaptation to new environments may also play a role.
Fil: Lenstra, Johannes A.. Utrecht Univeristy; Países Bajos
Fil: Ajmone Marsan, Paolo. Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; Italia
Fil: Beja Pereira, Albano. Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos da Universidade do Porto; Portugal
Fil: Bollongino, Ruth. Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz; Alemania
Fil: Bradley, Daniel G.. Trinity College; Irlanda
Fil: Colli, Licia. Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; Italia
Fil: De Gaetano, Anna. Università di Pavia; Italia
Fil: Edwards, Ceiridwen J.. Trinity College; Irlanda. University of Oxford; Reino Unido
Fil: Felius, Marleen.
Fil: Ferretti, Luca. Università di Pavia; Italia
Fil: Ginja, Catarina. Universidade de Lisboa; Portugal
Fil: Hristov, Peter. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; Bulgaria
Fil: Kantanen, Juha. University of Eastern Finland; Finlandia
Fil: Liron, Juan Pedro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias; Argentina
Fil: Magee, David A.. Trinity College; Irlanda. Universidad de Dublin; Irlanda
Fil: Negrini, Riccardo. Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; Italia
Fil: Radoslavov, Georgi A.. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; Bulgaria
Subject
CATTLE
BREEDS
MITOCHONDRIAL DNA
HAPLOGROUPS
MIGRATIONS
Otras Ciencias Veterinarias
Ciencias Veterinarias
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/12033