Effects of vegetable oil pollution on aquatic macroinvertebrate assemblage in a freshwater wetland and its use as a remediation tool

Authors
Selala, M C.; Botha, A. M.; de Klerk, A. R.; de Klerk, L. P.; Myburgh, J. G.; Blettler, Martin Cesar Maria; Oberholster, P. J.
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The occurrence, as well as the environmental fate and impact, of vegetable oil spills in freshwater wetlands have until now been unreported. Thus, the largest global vegetable oil spillage in a freshwater wetland, which occurred at the Con Joubert Bird Sanctuary wetland in 2007, presented an ideal opportunity to evaluate these impacts. Five post-spill sampling sites were selected within the wetland from which a variety of abiotic and biotic samples were collected bi-monthly over a period of 12 months. Abiotic variables included the sediment and water column oil concentrations, total nitrogen, total phosphorous, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), silica, chlorophyll a, as well as in situ measurements of pH, electrical conductivity, and dissolved oxygen. Aquatic macroinvertebrates were chosen as biotic indicators in the study field due to their wide applicability as water quality indicators and were thus collected at each site. Spatial and temporal changes in total nitrogen, total phosphorous, and chlorophyll a concentrations as well as changes in pH were observed. The oil spillage also resulted in an increase in tolerant macroinvertebrate taxa, mainly Chironomidae and Psychodidae, at the sites closest to the source of the spillage. These two taxa, and to a lesser extent, Syrphidae, were identified as potentially useful indicators to determine the extent of vegetable oil contamination within a freshwater wetland. Furthermore, monitoring of these indicator taxa can be a useful management tool to determine the recovery of freshwater wetlands after vegetable oil spills. In the study, a static battery of bioassays of different biotic trophic levels was also employed to determine the adverse effects of the spilled vegetable oil on the biotic environment. It was evident from the result of the static battery of bioassay that adverse effects of the sunflower oil differ between trophic levels. The latter was in relationship with the data obtained from the field macroinvertebrate study, indicating that certain macroinvertebrate families were more tolerant to the adverse effects of sunflower oil than other families.
Fil: Selala, M C.. University of Pretoria. Faculty of Veterinary Science. Departament of Paraclinical Science; Sudáfrica;
Fil: Botha, A. M.. University of Stellenbosch. Department of Genetics; Sudáfrica;
Fil: de Klerk, A. R.. University of Stellenbosch. Department of Genetics; Sudáfrica; Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. Natural Resources and the Environment; Sudáfrica;
Fil: de Klerk, L. P.. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. Natural Resources and the Environment; Sudáfrica;
Fil: Myburgh, J. G.. University of Pretoria. Faculty of Veterinary Science. Departament of Paraclinical Science; Sudáfrica;
Fil: Blettler, Martin Cesar Maria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico - CONICET - Santa Fe. Instituto Nacional de Limnologia (i); Argentina;
Fil: Oberholster, P. J.. University of Pretoria. Faculty of Veterinary Science. Departament of Paraclinical Science; Sudáfrica; Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. Natural Resources and the Environment; Sudáfrica;
Subject
FRESHWATER WETLAND
SUNFLOWER OIL SPILL
STATIC BATTERY OD BIOASSAYS
CHIRONOMIDAE
PSYCHODIDAE
Conservación de la Biodiversidad
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/1964