Sustained-release hydrogels of topotecan for retinoblastoma

Authors
Taich, Paula Juliana; Moretton, Marcela Analía; del Sole, Maria Jose; Winter, Ursula Andrea; Bernabeu, Ezequiel Adrian; Croxatto, Juan Oscar; Oppezzo, Javier; Williams, Gustavo; Chantada, Guillermo Luis; Chiappetta, Diego Andrés; Schaiquevich, Paula Susana
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Treatment of retinoblastoma, the most common primary ocular malignancy in children, has greatly improved over the last decade. Still, new devices for chemotherapy are needed to achieve better tumor control. The aim of this project was to develop an ocular drug delivery system for topotecan (TPT) loaded in biocompatible hydrogels of poly(ε-caprolactone)-poly(ethyleneglycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone) block copolymers (PCL-PEG-PCL) for sustained TPT release in the vitreous humor. Hydrogels were prepared from TPT and synthesized PCL-PEG-PCL copolymers. Rheological properties and in vitro and in vivo TPT release were studied. Hydrogel cytotoxicity was evaluated in retinoblastoma cells as a surrogate for efficacy and TPT vitreous pharmacokinetics and systemic as well as ocular toxicity were evaluated in rabbits. The pseudoplastic behavior of the hydrogels makes them suitable for intraocular administration. In vitro release profiles showed a sustained release of TPT from PCL-PEG-PCL up to 7 days and drug loading did not affect the release pattern. Blank hydrogels did not affect retinoblastoma cell viability but 0.4% (w/w) TPT-loaded hydrogel was highly cytotoxic for at least 7 days. After intravitreal injection, TPT vitreous concentrations were sustained above the pharmacologically active concentration. One month after injection, animals with blank or TPT-loaded hydrogels showed no systemic toxicity or retinal impairment on fundus examination, electroretinographic, and histopathological assessments. These novel TPT-hydrogels can deliver sustained concentrations of active drug into the vitreous with excellent biocompatibility in vivo and pronounced cytotoxic activity in retinoblastoma cells and may become an additional strategy for intraocular retinoblastoma treatment.
Fil: Taich, Paula Juliana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Hospital de Pediatría "Juan P. Garrahan"; Argentina
Fil: Moretton, Marcela Analía. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Departamento de Tecnología Farmacéutica; Argentina
Fil: del Sole, Maria Jose. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tandil. Centro de Investigación Veterinaria de Tandil. Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Centro de Investigación Veterinaria de Tandil. Provincia de Buenos Aires. Gobernación. Comision de Investigaciones Científicas. Centro de Investigación Veterinaria de Tandil; Argentina
Fil: Winter, Ursula Andrea. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Hospital de Pediatría "Juan P. Garrahan"; Argentina
Fil: Bernabeu, Ezequiel Adrian. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Departamento de Tecnología Farmacéutica; Argentina
Fil: Croxatto, Juan Oscar. Fundación Oftalmología Argentina "J. Malbrán"; Argentina
Fil: Oppezzo, Javier. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Departamento de Farmacología; Argentina
Fil: Williams, Gustavo. Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Hospital de Pediatría "Juan P. Garrahan"; Argentina
Fil: Chantada, Guillermo Luis. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Chiappetta, Diego Andrés. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Departamento de Tecnología Farmacéutica; Argentina
Fil: Schaiquevich, Paula Susana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Hospital de Pediatría "Juan P. Garrahan"; Argentina
Subject
Topotecan
Hydrogels
Cytotoxicity
Retinoblastoma
Rabbits
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/46793