Antifungal cellulose by capsaicin surface grafting

Authors
Martini, Raquel Evangelina; Serrano, Luis; Barbosa, Silvia Elena; Labidi, Jalel
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Cellulose is one of the most abundant materials in nature. Besides its biological function, cellulose can be extracted from the cell wall and used in several industrial applications. Thus, it can be used in papers, pharmaceuticals, food, cosmetics and innovative materials such as nanocomposites, packaging, coatings and dispersion technology. With the aim of extending cellulose applications and producing so-called “smart” materials, new functionality can be introduced by physical or chemical modifications. Taking into account that capsaicin, the active component of chili peppers, is an excellent antifungal agent, a potential new material could be obtained by chemical reaction between this active compound and cellulose. In this work, capsaicin grafting onto cellulose using polycarboxylic acid as linking agent is proposed. The reaction occurrence was corroborated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and UV–Vis spectrophotometry in reflectance mode. Modified cellulose with <2 wt% of capsaicin shows a strong change in antifungal activity with respect to the unmodified one. This activity was evaluated by the fungal growth inhibition test with two different fungi, Trametes versicolor and Gloeophyllum trabeum. Modified cellulose samples showed a high percentage of fungal growth inhibition, demonstrating the success of the cellulose modification and high antifungal power of the grafting molecule.
Fil: Martini, Raquel Evangelina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Bahia Blanca. Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química (I). Grupo Vinculado al Plapiqui - Investigación y Desarrollo en Tecnología Química; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales; Argentina
Fil: Serrano, Luis. Universidad del País Vasco; España
Fil: Barbosa, Silvia Elena. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química; Argentina
Fil: Labidi, Jalel. Universidad del País Vasco; España
Subject
Cellulose
Grafting
Capsaicin
Antifungal activity
Ingeniería de Procesos Químicos
Ingeniería Química
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/21689