A quantitative real-time PCR method for in planta monitoring of Phytophthora infestans growth

Authors
Llorente, Briardo; Bravo Almonacid, Fernando Felix; Cvitanich, C.; Orlowska, E.; Torres, Hector Norberto; Flawia, Mirtha Maria; Alonso, Guillermo Daniel
Publication Year
2010
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Aims: To establish a reliable and rapid protocol to simultaneously obtain high quality DNA from an infected host plant and the infecting pathogen. To develop an accurate and sensitive low-cost assay for the quantification and in planta monitoring of Phytophthora infestans growth.Methods and Results: In this study, we describe a SYBR Green-based quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) method for the quantification of P. infestans. The method is based on a simultaneous plant-pathogen DNA purification followed by a qPCR in which the relative quantification of pathogen and plant DNA is performed. Besides assuring an accurate quantification, the use of a plant gene provides a reliable indicator of sample quality, allowing the exclusion of inappropriate samples. By applying this methodology, we were able to detect P. infestans in potato leaf and tuber tissue before the first symptoms of the disease were observed and to monitor the in planta growth of the pathogen for 6 days.Conclusions: This is a reliable low-cost assay that provides rapid, accurate and sensitive quantification of the late blight pathogen, allowing the in planta monitoring of P. infestans growth.Significance and Impact of the Study: The quantitative nature of the assay described in this study may be useful in plant breeding programmes and basic research. The method is appropriate for the comparison of cultivars with different, and even subtle, degrees of pathogen resistance and in the screening of new anti-oomycete compounds. The method can be easily adapted to tomato and the model plant Nicotiana benthamiana.
Fil: Llorente, Briardo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina
Fil: Bravo Almonacid, Fernando Felix. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología; Argentina
Fil: Cvitanich, C.. University Aarhus; Dinamarca
Fil: Orlowska, E.. University Aarhus; Dinamarca
Fil: Torres, Hector Norberto. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Fisiología, Biología Molecular y Celular; Argentina
Fil: Flawia, Mirtha Maria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Fisiología, Biología Molecular y Celular; Argentina
Fil: Alonso, Guillermo Daniel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Fisiología, Biología Molecular y Celular; Argentina
Subject
BIOMASS MONITORING
LATE BLIGHT
PHYTOPHTHORA INFESTANS
POTATO CROP
QUANTITATIVE REAL-TIME PCR
SOLANUM TUBEROSUM
Bioquímica y Biología Molecular
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/79454