All-trans-retinoic acid improves immunocompetence in a murine model of lipopolysaccharide-induced immunosuppression

Authors
Martire Greco, Daiana; Landoni, Verónica Inés; Chiarella, Paula; Rodriguez Rodrigues, Nahuel Emiliano; Schierloh, Luis Pablo; Rearte, María Bárbara; Isturiz, Martín Amadeo; Fernández, Gabriela Cristina
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Secondary infections due to post-sepsis immunosuppression is a major cause of death in septic patients. Strategies aimed at restoring immune functions offer a new perspective. We used LPS-immunosuppressed (IS) mice to analyze the effects of all-trans Retinoic Acid (ATRA) on different immune parameters. IS mice showed decreased lymphocyte and increased myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) counts in lymph nodes. They also showed an impaired in vitro T cell proliferation,mediated by MDSC. ATRA administration restored T cell proliferation, associated to a decreased number of live MDSC. IS mice treated with ATRA showed an increased number of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. ATRA partially improved the primary humoral immune response, even when the immunossuppression was first established, and ATRA administered afterwards. Our results demonstrate that ATRA restores immunocompetence, modulating the number of leukocytes and the survival of MDSC,representing a supplementary potential strategy in the treatment of the immunosuppressive state of sepsis.
Fil: Martire Greco, Daiana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Landoni, Verónica Inés. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Chiarella, Paula. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Rodriguez Rodrigues, Nahuel Emiliano. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Schierloh, Luis Pablo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Rearte, María Bárbara. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Isturiz, Martín Amadeo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Fil: Fernández, Gabriela Cristina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Medicina Experimental. Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Medicina Experimental; Argentina
Subject
ALL-TRANS-RETINOIC ACID (ATRA)
IMMUNOSUPPRESSION
LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE (LPS)
MYELOID-DERIVED SUPPRESSOR CELL (MDSC)
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/21062