Achiote (Bixa orellana L.): a natural source of pigment and vitamin E

Authors
Raddatz Mota, Denise; Pérez Flores, Laura J.; Carrari, Fernando Oscar; Mendoza Espinoza, José A.; de León Sánchez, Fernando Díaz; Pinzón López, Luis L.; Godoy Hernández, Gregorio; Rivera Cabrera, Fernando
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Commercialization of agricultural products, including seeds and its derived products, represents an important economic source for developing countries. Natural colorants obtained from the seeds of achiote plant (annatto) have been used since pre-Hispanic times. Also, production of this crop has been important for Mayan cuisine. Annual world production of achiote seeds is approximately 14,500 tons (dry weight). Two thirds of the production is commercialized as dried seeds and the rest as colorant. Latin America produces 60% of the total world production, followed by Africa (27%) and Asia (12%). The main producers in Latin America are Peru, Brazil and Mexico. The purpose of the present paper is to review the most recent literature on Bixa orellana L. focusing on bixin, norbixin, tocotrienols and tocopherols biosynthesis, use and industrial applications of annatto extracts, as well as its nutraceutical potential and its benefits for human health.
Fil: Raddatz Mota, Denise. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; México
Fil: Pérez Flores, Laura J.. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; México
Fil: Carrari, Fernando Oscar. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Veterinarias y Agronómicas. Instituto de Biotecnología; Argentina
Fil: Mendoza Espinoza, José A.. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; México. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; México
Fil: de León Sánchez, Fernando Díaz. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; México
Fil: Pinzón López, Luis L.. Instituto Tecnológico de Conkal; México
Fil: Godoy Hernández, Gregorio. Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán. Unidad de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular de Plantas; México
Fil: Rivera Cabrera, Fernando. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; México
Subject
ANNATTO EXTRACT
BIXIN
NORBIXIN
TOCOPHEROLS
TOCOTRIENOLS
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/72717