Emotion recognition and cognitive empathy deficits in adolescent offenders revealed by context-sensitive tasks

Authors
González Gadea, María Luz; Herrera Murcia, Eduar; Parra, Mario; Gomez Mendez, Pedro; Báez Buitrago, Sandra Jimena; Manes, Facundo Francisco; Ibáñez Barassi, Agustín Mariano
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Emotion recognition and empathy abilities require the integration of contextual information in real-life scenarios. Previous reports have explored these domains in adolescent offenders (AOs) but have not used tasks that replicate everyday situations. In this study we included ecological measures with different levels of contextual dependence to evaluate emotion recognition and empathy in AOs relative to non-offenders, controlling for the effect of demographic variables. We also explored the influence of fluid intelligence (FI) and executive functions (EFs) in the prediction of relevant deficits in these domains. Our results showed that AOs exhibit deficits in context-sensitive measures of emotion recognition and cognitive empathy. Difficulties in these tasks were neither explained by demographic variables nor predicted by FI or EFs. However, performance on measures that included simpler stimuli or could be solved by explicit knowledge was either only partially affected by demographic variables or preserved in AOs. These findings indicate that AOs show contextual social-cognition impairments which are relatively independent of basic cognitive functioning and demographic variables.
Fil: González Gadea, María Luz. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva. Laboratorio de Psicología Experimental y Neurociencia; Argentina. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile
Fil: Herrera Murcia, Eduar. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva. Laboratorio de Psicología Experimental y Neurociencia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Autónoma del Caribe; Colombia
Fil: Parra, Mario. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile. University of Edinburgh; Reino Unido. Scottish Dementia Clinical Research Network; Reino Unido. University Surcolombiana; Colombia
Fil: Gomez Mendez, Pedro. Universidad del Norte; Colombia
Fil: Báez Buitrago, Sandra Jimena. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva. Laboratorio de Psicología Experimental y Neurociencia; Argentina
Fil: Manes, Facundo Francisco. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva. Laboratorio de Psicología Experimental y Neurociencia; Argentina. Australian Research Council. Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders; Australia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Ibáñez Barassi, Agustín Mariano. Universidad Diego Portales; Chile. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva. Laboratorio de Psicología Experimental y Neurociencia; Argentina. Universidad Autónoma del Caribe; Colombia. Australian Research Council. Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders; Australia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Subject
OFFENDERS
ADOLESCENCE
DELINQUENCY
SOCIAL COGNITION
CONTEXTUAL PROCESSING
ECOLOGICAL TASKS
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/34593