Daily rhythms of glycerophospholipid synthesis in fibroblast cultures involve differential enzyme contributions

Authors
Acosta Rodríguez, Victoria América; Marquez, Sebastian; Salvador, Gabriela Alejandra; Pasquaré, Susana Juana; Gorne, Lucas Damián; Garbarino Pico, Eduardo; Giusto, Norma Maria; Guido, Mario Eduardo
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Circadian clocks regulate the temporal organization of several biochemical processes including lipid metabolism and their disruption leads to severe metabolic disorders. Immortalized cell lines acting as circadian clocks display daily variations in [32P]-phospholipid labeling; however, the regulation of glycerophospholipid (GPL) synthesis by internal clocks remains unknown. Here we found that arrested NIH 3T3 cells synchronized with a 2 h-serum shock exhibited temporal oscillations in: a) the labeling of total [3H]- GPLs, with lowest levels around 28 and 56 h, and b) the activity of GPL-synthesizing and -remodeling enzymes such as phosphatidate phosphohydrolase 1 (PAP-1) and lysophospholipid acyltransferases (LPLAT) respectively, with antiphase profiles. In addition, we investigated the temporal regulation of phosphatidylcholine (PC) biosynthesis. PC is mainly synthesized through the Kennedy pathway with Choline Kinase (ChoK) and CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltranferase (CCT) as key regulatory enzymes. We observed that the PC labeling exhibited daily changes with the lowest levels every ~28 h that were accompanied by brief increases in CCT activity and the oscillation in ChoK mRNA expression and activity. Results demonstrate that the metabolisms of GPLs and particularly of PC in synchronized fibroblasts are subject to a complex temporal control involving concerted changes in the expression and/or activities of specific synthesizing enzymes.
Fil: Acosta Rodríguez, Victoria América. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Córdoba. Centro de Investigaciones En Química Biológica de Córdoba (p); Argentina
Fil: Marquez, Sebastian. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Córdoba. Centro de Investigaciones En Química Biológica de Córdoba (p); Argentina
Fil: Salvador, Gabriela Alejandra. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientí­ficas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Bahí­a Blanca. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas Bahí­a Blanca (i); Argentina
Fil: Pasquaré, Susana Juana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientí­ficas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Bahí­a Blanca. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas Bahí­a Blanca (i); Argentina
Fil: Gorne, Lucas Damián. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Córdoba. Centro de Investigaciones En Química Biológica de Córdoba (p); Argentina
Fil: Garbarino Pico, Eduardo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Córdoba. Centro de Investigaciones En Química Biológica de Córdoba (p); Argentina
Fil: Giusto, Norma Maria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientí­ficas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Bahí­a Blanca. Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas Bahí­a Blanca (i); Argentina
Fil: Guido, Mario Eduardo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Córdoba. Centro de Investigaciones En Química Biológica de Córdoba (p); Argentina
Subject
PHOSPHOLIPID
CIRCADIAN RHYTHM
FIBROBLAST
SERUM SHOCK
SYNCHRONIZATION
Biología
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/4648