Cytokinins: A key player in determining differences in patterns of canopy senescence in Stay-Green and Fast Dry-Down sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) hybrids

Authors
Mangieri, Mariano Alejandro; Hall, Antonio Juan; Striker, Gustavo Gabriel; Chimenti, Claudio Alejandro
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Leaf senescence during grain filling can reduce crop yield. We studied, under field conditions and during grain-filling, the association between leaf cytokinin levels and the onset of leaf senescence in sunflower hybrids of contrasting canopy senescence patterns (Paraiso75, stay-green [SG] and Paraiso65, fast dry down [FDD]). At crop level, dynamics of live root length density (LRLD) and green leaf area index (GLAI) were followed, while at leaf level dynamics of total chlorophyll content, trans-Zeatin content, net photosynthesis and PSII quantum yield, were followed in leaf positions 17, 20, 22 and 24. Responses of these leaf variables to exogenous cytokinin applications to leaves at position 17 were also followed. SG exhibited greater (p < 0.05) LRLD and GLAI values at anthesis. In both hybrids, LRLD began to fall before GLAI. All variables decreased earlier (p < 0.05) in FDD. Initial leaf levels of trans-Zeatin were three times higher (p < 0.05) in SG. Exogenous cytokinin applications maintained leaf-level variables. These are the first results showing associations between LRLD dynamics with the dynamics of leaf cytokinin levels and changes in indicators of leaf functionality. Also, this is the first study in which estimates are made of cytokinin thresholds below which leaf senescence begins in two hybrids of contrasting canopy senescence patterns. These advances in the understanding, at both crop and leaf levels, of the controls and consequences of SG during grain filling, a trait known to improve crop water uptake under drought and increase biomass accumulation during grain filling, provide support for breeding efforts aimed at profiting from this trait to increase crop yields.
Fil: Mangieri, Mariano Alejandro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura; Argentina
Fil: Hall, Antonio Juan. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura; Argentina
Fil: Striker, Gustavo Gabriel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura; Argentina
Fil: Chimenti, Claudio Alejandro. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura; Argentina
Subject
CANOPY SENESCENCE
CYTOKININS
LEAF SENESCENCE
ROOT FUNCTIONALITY
SUNFLOWER
THRESHOLD OF CYTOKININ
Agricultura
Agricultura, Silvicultura y Pesca
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/51038