Detection of a Type IIn Supernova in Optical Follow-up Observations of IceCube Neutrino Events

Authors
Aartsen, M. G.; Abraham, K.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, Manfred Hermann Friedrich Pete; Ahrens, M.; Altmann, D.; Anderson, T.; Archinger, M.; Arguelles, C.; Arlen, T. C.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beatty, J. J.; Becker Tjus, J.; Becker, K. H.; Beiser, E.; Benzvi, S.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bernhard, A.; Besson, D. Z.; Binder, G.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, P. Dee; Bohm, C.; Börner, M.; Bos, F.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Braun, J.; Brayeur, L.; Bretz, H.P.; Brown de Cohen, Alejandra Maria; Buzinsky, N.; Casey, J.; Casier, M.; Cheung, E.; Chirkin, D.; Christov, A.; Christy, B.; Clark, K.; Classen, L.; Coenders, S.; Cowen, D. F.; Cruz Silva, A. H.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J. C.; Day, M.; De André, J. P. A. M.; De Clercq, C.; Dembinski, H.; De Ridder, S.; Desiati, P.; De Vries, K. D.; De Wasseige, G.; De With, M.; Deyoung, T.; Díaz Velez, J. C.; Dumm, J. P.; Dunkman, M.; Eagan, R.; Eberhardt, B.; Ehrhardt, T.; Eichmann, B.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fahey, S.; Fazely, A. R.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Felde, J.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer Wasels, T.; Flis, S.; Fuchs, T.; Glagla, M.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gaior, R.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Ghorbani, K.; Gier, D.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Golup, Geraldina Tamara; Gonzalez, J. G.; Góra, D.; Grant, D.; Gretskov, P.; Groh, J. C.; Gross, A.; Ha, C.; Haack, C.; Haj Ismail, A.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hansmann, B.; Hanson, K.; Hebecker, D.; Heereman, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hellwig, D.; Hickford, S.; Hignight, J.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Holzapfe, K.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Huang, F.; Huber, M.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; In, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jero, K.; Jurkovic, M.; Kaminsky, B.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kauer, M.; Keivani, A.; Kelley, J.L.; Kemp, J.; Kheirandish, A.; Kiryluk, J.; Kläs, J.; Klein, S. R.; Kohnen, G.; Koirala, R.; Kolanoski, H.; Konietz, R.; Koob, A.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D.J.; Kowalski, Andres Mauricio; Krings, K.; Kroll, G.; Kroll, M.; Kunnen, J.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Lanfranchi, J. L.; Larson, M. J.; Lesiak Bzdak, M.; Leuermann, M.; Leuner, J.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Maggi, G.; Mahn, K. B. M.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; Maunu, R.; McNally, F.; Meagher, K.; Medici, M.; Meli, A.; Menne, T.; Merino, G.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Middell, E.; Middlemas, E.; Miller, J.; Mohrmann, L.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Nahnhauer, R.; Naumann, U.; Niederhausen, H.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D.R.; Obertacke, A.; Olivas, A.; Omairat, A.; O'Murchadha, A.; Palczewski, T.; Pandya, H.; Paul, L.; Pepper, J. A.; Pérez De Los Heros, C.; Pfendner, C.; Pieloth, D.; Pinat, E.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G.T.; Pütz, J.; Quinnan, M.; Rädel, L.; Rameez, M.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Reimann, R.; Relich, M.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Richman, M.; Richter, S.; Riedel, B.; Robertson, S.; Rongen, M.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ryckbosch, D.; Saba, S. M.; Sabbatini, L.; Sander, H. G.; Sandrock, A.; Sandroos, J.; Sarkar, S.; Schatto, K.; Scheriau, F.; Schimp, M.; Schmidt, T.; Schmitz, M.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schönwald, A.; Schukraft, A.; Schulte, L.; Seckel, D.; Seunarine, S.; Shanidze, R.; Smith, M. W. E.; Soldin, D.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stahlberg, M.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stanisha, N. A.; Stasik, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stössl, A.; Strahler, E. A.; Ström, R.; Strotjohann, N. L.; Sullivan, G.W.; Sutherland, M.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Ter Antonyan, S.; Terliuk, A.; Tešić, G.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Tobin, M. N.; Tosi, D.; Tselengidou, M.; Turcati, A.; Unger, E.; Usner, M.; Vallecorsa, S.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Van Santen, J.; Vanheule, S.; Veenkamp, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Vraeghe, M.; Walck, C.; Wallraff, M.; Wandkowsky, N.; Weaver, Ch.; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whelan, B. J.; Whitehorn, N.; Wichary, C.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Wille, L.; Williams, D. R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Ramos Elizagaray, Sabina Irantxu; Xu, X. W.; Xu, Y.; Cortés Yáñez, Diego Alejandro; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.; Zoll, M.; Ofek, Eran O.; Kasliwal, Mansi M.; Nugent, Peter E.; Arcavi, Iair; Bloom, Joshua S.; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.; Perley, Daniel A.; Barlow, Tom; Horesh, Assaf; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Howell, D. A.; Dilday, Ben; Evans, Phil A.; Kennea, Jamie A.; Burgett, W. S.; Chambers, K. C.; Kaiser, N.; Waters, C.; Flewelling, H.; Tonry, J. L.; Rest, A.; Smartt, S. J.
Publication Year
2015
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The IceCube neutrino observatory pursues a follow-up program selecting interesting neutrino events in real-time and issuing alerts for electromagnetic follow-up observations. In 2012 March, the most significant neutrino alert during the first three years of operation was issued by IceCube. In the follow-up observations performed by the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF), a Type IIn supernova (SN IIn) PTF12csy was found 0.�2 away from the neutrino alert direction, with an error radius of 0.�54. It has a redshift of z = 0.0684, corresponding to a luminosity distance of about 300 Mpc and the Pan-STARRS1 survey shows that its explosion time was at least 158 days (in host galaxy rest frame) before the neutrino alert, so that a causal connection is unlikely. The a posteriori significance of the chance detection of both the neutrinos and the SN at any epoch is 2.2σ within IceCube's 2011/12 data acquisition season. Also, a complementary neutrino analysis reveals no long-term signal over the course of one year. Therefore, we consider the SN detection coincidental and the neutrinos uncorrelated to the SN. However, the SN is unusual and interesting by itself: it is luminous and energetic, bearing strong resemblance to the SN IIn 2010jl, and shows signs of interaction of the SN ejecta with a dense circumstellar medium. High-energy neutrino emission is expected in models of diffusive shock acceleration, but at a low, non-detectable level for this specific SN. In this paper, we describe the SN PTF12csy and present both the neutrino and electromagnetic data, as well as their analysis.
Fil: Aartsen, M. G.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Abraham, K.. Universitat Technical Zu Munich; Alemania
Fil: Ackermann, M.. DESY; Alemania
Fil: Adams, J.. University Of Canterbury; Nueva Zelanda
Fil: Aguilar, J. A.. Université Libre de Bruxelles; Bélgica
Fil: Ahlers, Manfred Hermann Friedrich Pete. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Ahrens, M.. Stockholms Universitet; Suecia
Fil: Altmann, D.. Friedrich-Alexander-Universitat Erlangen-Nurnberg; Alemania
Fil: Anderson, T.. University of Pennsylvania; Estados Unidos
Fil: Archinger, M.. University Mainz. Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Johannes Gutenberg; Alemania
Fil: Arguelles, C.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Arlen, T. C.. University of Pennsylvania; Estados Unidos
Fil: Auffenberg, J.. Rwth Aachen University; Alemania
Fil: Bai, X.. University of California; Estados Unidos
Fil: Barwick, S. W.. University of California at Irvine; Estados Unidos
Fil: Baum, V.. University Mainz. Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Johannes Gutenberg; Alemania
Fil: Bay, R.. University of California at Berkeley; Estados Unidos
Fil: Beatty, J. J.. Ohio State University; Estados Unidos
Fil: Becker Tjus, J.. Ruhr Universität Bochum; Alemania
Fil: Becker, K. H.. University of Wuppertal; Alemania
Fil: Beiser, E.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Benzvi, S.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Berghaus, P.. DESY; Alemania
Fil: Berley, D.. University of Maryland; Estados Unidos
Fil: Bernardini, E.. DESY; Alemania
Fil: Bernhard, A.. Universitat Technical Zu Munich; Alemania
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Fil: Binder, G.. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Estados Unidos. University of California at Berkeley; Estados Unidos
Fil: Bindig, D.. University of Wuppertal; Alemania
Fil: Bissok, M.. Rwth Aachen University; Alemania
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Fil: Blumenthal, J.. Rwth Aachen University; Alemania
Fil: Boersma, P. Dee. Uppsala University; Suecia
Fil: Bohm, C.. Stockholms Universitet; Suecia
Fil: Börner, M.. Universitat Dortmund; Alemania
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Fil: Bose, D.. Sungkyunkwan University; Corea del Sur
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Fil: Bretz, H.P.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Brown de Cohen, Alejandra Maria. University Of Canterbury; Nueva Zelanda
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Fil: Chirkin, D.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
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Fil: Clark, K.. University of Toronto; Canadá
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Fil: Cowen, D. F.. University of Pennsylvania; Estados Unidos
Fil: Cruz Silva, A. H.. University of Adelaide; Australia
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Fil: Köpke, L.. University Mainz. Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Johannes Gutenberg; Alemania
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Fil: Rädel, L.. Rwth Aachen University; Alemania
Fil: Rameez, M.. Universidad de Genova; España
Fil: Rawlins, K.. University Of Alaska; Estados Unidos
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Fil: Relich, M.. University of Adelaide; Australia
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Fil: Richter, S.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Riedel, B.. University of Alberta; Canadá
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Fil: Rongen, M.. Rwth Aachen University; Alemania
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Fil: Ruhe, T.. Universitat Dortmund; Alemania
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Fil: Sandroos, J.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Sarkar, S.. University of Oxford; Reino Unido
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Fil: Scheriau, F.. Universitat Dortmund; Alemania
Fil: Schimp, M.. Rwth Aachen University; Alemania
Fil: Schmidt, T.. University of Maryland; Estados Unidos
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Fil: Shanidze, R.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Smith, M. W. E.. University of Pennsylvania; Estados Unidos
Fil: Soldin, D.. University of Adelaide; Australia
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Fil: Spiering, C.. University of Adelaide; Australia
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Fil: Stanev, T.. University of Adelaide; Australia
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Fil: Stasik, A.. University of Adelaide; Australia
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Fil: Stokstad, R. G.. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Estados Unidos
Fil: Stössl, A.. University of Adelaide; Australia
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Fil: Taavola, H.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Taboada, I.. Instituto Tecnológico de Georgia; Estados Unidos. Georgia Institute of Techology; Estados Unidos
Fil: Ter Antonyan, S.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Terliuk, A.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Tešić, G.. University of Pennsylvania; Estados Unidos
Fil: Tilav, S.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Toale, P. A.. University of Alabama at Birmingahm; Estados Unidos
Fil: Tobin, M. N.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Tosi, D.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Tselengidou, M.. University of Adelaide; Australia
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Fil: Unger, E.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Usner, M.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Vallecorsa, S.. Universidad de Genova; España
Fil: Van Eijndhoven, N.. Vrije Unviversiteit Brussel; Bélgica
Fil: Vandenbroucke, J.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Van Santen, J.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Vanheule, S.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Veenkamp, J.. Universitat Technical Zu Munich; Alemania
Fil: Vehring, M.. Rwth Aachen University; Alemania
Fil: Voge, M.. Universitat Bonn; Alemania
Fil: Vraeghe, M.. University of Ghent; Bélgica
Fil: Walck, C.. Stockholms Universitet; Suecia
Fil: Wallraff, M.. Rwth Aachen University; Alemania
Fil: Wandkowsky, N.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Weaver, Ch.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Wendt, C.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Westerhoff, S.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Whelan, B. J.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Whitehorn, N.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Wichary, C.. Rwth Aachen University; Alemania
Fil: Wiebe, K.. University Mainz. Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Johannes Gutenberg; Alemania
Fil: Wiebusch, C. H.. Rwth Aachen University; Alemania
Fil: Wille, L.. University of Wisconsin; Estados Unidos
Fil: Williams, D. R.. University of Alabama at Birmingahm; Estados Unidos
Fil: Wissing, H.. University of Maryland; Estados Unidos
Fil: Wolf, M.. Stockholms Universitet; Suecia
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Fil: Woschnagg, K.. University of California at Berkeley; Estados Unidos
Fil: Ramos Elizagaray, Sabina Irantxu. University of Alabama at Birmingahm; Estados Unidos
Fil: Xu, X. W.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Xu, Y.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Cortés Yáñez, Diego Alejandro. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Yodh, G.. University of California at Irvine; Estados Unidos
Fil: Yoshida, S.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Zarzhitsky, P.. University of Alabama at Birmingahm; Estados Unidos
Fil: Zoll, M.. Stockholms Universitet; Suecia
Fil: Ofek, Eran O.. Weizmann Institute Of Science Israel; Israel
Fil: Kasliwal, Mansi M.. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Nugent, Peter E.. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Estados Unidos. University of California at Berkeley; Estados Unidos
Fil: Arcavi, Iair. University of Adelaide; Australia
Fil: Bloom, Joshua S.. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Estados Unidos. University of California at Berkeley; Estados Unidos
Fil: Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.. California Institute of Technology; Estados Unidos
Fil: Perley, Daniel A.. California Institute of Technology; Estados Unidos
Fil: Barlow, Tom. California Institute of Technology; Estados Unidos
Fil: Horesh, Assaf. Weizmann Institute Of Science Israel; Israel
Fil: Gal-Yam, Avishay. Weizmann Institute Of Science Israel; Israel
Fil: Howell, D. A.. University of California; Estados Unidos
Fil: Dilday, Ben. University of Idaho; Estados Unidos
Fil: Evans, Phil A.. University of Leicester; Reino Unido
Fil: Kennea, Jamie A.. State University of Pennsylvania; Estados Unidos
Fil: Burgett, W. S.. University of Hawaii at Manoa; Estados Unidos
Fil: Chambers, K. C.. University of Hawaii at Manoa; Estados Unidos
Fil: Kaiser, N.. University of Hawaii at Manoa; Estados Unidos
Fil: Waters, C.. University of Hawaii at Manoa; Estados Unidos
Fil: Flewelling, H.. University of Hawaii at Manoa; Estados Unidos
Fil: Tonry, J. L.. University of Hawaii at Manoa; Estados Unidos
Fil: Rest, A.. Space Telescope Science Institute; Estados Unidos
Fil: Smartt, S. J.. The Queens University of Belfast; Irlanda
Subject
CIRCUMSTELLAR MATTER
GALAXIES: DWARF
NEUTRINOS
SHOCK WAVES
SUPERNOVAE: INDIVIDUAL (PTF12CSY, SN 2010JL)
Astronomía
Ciencias Físicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/57237