Carbon nanotubes paste electrode

Authors
Rubianes, María Dolores; Rivas, Gustavo Adolfo
Publication Year
2003
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The performance of carbon nanotubes paste electrodes (CNTPE) prepared by dispersion of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWNT) within mineral oil is described. The resulting electrode shows an excellent electrocatalytic activity toward ascorbic acid, uric acid, dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (dopac) and hydrogen peroxide. These properties permit an important decrease in the overvoltage for the oxidation of ascorbic acid (230 mV), uric acid (160 mV) and hydrogen peroxide (300 mV) as well as a dramatic improvement in the reversibility of the redox behavior of dopamine and dopac, in comparison with the classical carbon (graphite) paste electrodes (CPE). The substantial decrease in the overvoltage of the hydrogen peroxide reduction (400 mV) associated with a successful incorporation of glucose oxidase (GOx) into the composite material, allow the development of a highly selective and sensitive glucose biosensor without using any metal, redox mediator or anti-interference membrane. No interference was observed at −0.100 V even for large excess of ascorbic acid, uric acid and acetaminophen. A linear response up to 30 mM (5.40 g l−1) glucose with a detection limit of 0.6 mM (0.11 g l−1) were obtained with the CNTPE modified with 10% w/w GOx. Such an excellent performance of CNTPE toward hydrogen peroxide, represents a very good alternative for developing other enzymatic biosensors.
Fil: Rubianes, María Dolores. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto de Investigaciones en Físico-química de Córdoba. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Químicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Físico-química de Córdoba; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal; Argentina
Fil: Rivas, Gustavo Adolfo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto de Investigaciones en Físico-química de Córdoba. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Químicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Físico-química de Córdoba; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Córdoba. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal; Argentina
Subject
CARBON NANOTUBES
COMPOSITE ELECTRODES
BIOSENSOR
GLUCOSE
Otras Ciencias Químicas
Ciencias Químicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/41480