Characterization of natural isolates of Lactobacillus strains to be used as starter cultures in dairy fermentation

Authors
Hebert, Elvira Maria; Raya, Raul Ricardo; Tailliez, P.; Savoy, Graciela
Publication Year
2000
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The technological relevant characteristics of five homofermentative lactobacilli strains, isolated from natural fermented hard cheeses, were studied. Isolates CRL 581 and CRL 654, from Argentinian artesanal hard cheeses, and isolates CRL 1177, CRL 1178, and CRL 1179, from Italian Grana cheeses, were identified as Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis and Lactobacillus helveticus, respectively, by physiological and biochemical tests, SDS-PAGE of whole-cell proteins and sequencing of the variable (V1) region of the 16S ribosomal DNA. All strains showed high levels of β- galactosidase activity. However, proteolytic activity varied widely among isolates. Strains CRL 581, CRL 654, and CRL 1177 hydrolyzed α- and β- caseins and were able to coagulate reconstituted skim milk in less than 16 h at 42°C. According to the substrate specificity, these proteinases have a caseinolytic activity comparable to that of the P(III)-type of lactococcal proteinases. No strains produced inhibitor substances (bacteriocin) and all were insensitive to attack by 14 L. helveticus- and L. delbrueckii subsp. lactis-specific bacteriophages.
Fil: Hebert, Elvira Maria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucuman. Centro de Referencia Para Lactobacilos; Argentina
Fil: Raya, Raul Ricardo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucuman. Centro de Referencia Para Lactobacilos; Argentina
Fil: Tailliez, P.. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique; Francia
Fil: Savoy, Graciela. Universidad Nacional de Tucumán; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Tucuman. Centro de Referencia Para Lactobacilos; Argentina
Subject
LACTOBACILLUS DELBRUECKII SUBSP. LACTIS
LACTOBACILLUS HELVETICUS
STARTER CULTURES
Biología Celular, Microbiología
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/38147