Feedback and metal enrichment in cosmological smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations - I. A model for chemical enrichment

Authors
Scannapieco, Cecilia; Tissera, Patricia Beatriz; White, S. D. M.; Springel, V.
Publication Year
2005
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
We discuss a model for treating chemical enrichment by Type II and Type Ia supernova (SNII and SNIa) explosions in simulations of cosmological structure formation. Our model includes metal-dependent radiative cooling and star formation in dense collapsed gas clumps. Metals are returned into the diffuse interstellar medium by star particles using a local smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) smoothing kernel. A variety of chemical abundance patterns in enriched gas arise in our treatment owing to the different yields and lifetimes of SNII and SNIa progenitor stars. In the case of SNII chemical production, we adopt metal-dependent yields. Because of the sensitive dependence of cooling rates on metallicity, enrichment of galactic haloes with metals can in principle significantly alter subsequent gas infall and the build-up of the stellar components. Indeed, in simulations of isolated galaxies we find that a consistent treatment of metal-dependent cooling produces 25 per cent more stars outside the central region than simulations with a primordial cooling function. In the highly enriched central regions, the evolution of baryons is however not affected by metal cooling, because here the gas is always dense enough to cool. A similar situation is found in cosmological simulations because we include no strong feedback processes which could spread metals over large distances and mix them into unenriched diffuse gas. We demonstrate this explicitly with test simulations which adopt suprasolar cooling functions leading to large changes both in the stellar mass and in the metal distributions. We also find that the impact of metallicity on the star formation histories of galaxies may depend on their particular evolutionary history. Our results hence emphasize the importance of feedback processes for interpreting the cosmic metal enrichment.
Fil: Scannapieco, Cecilia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciónes Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio. - Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio; Argentina
Fil: Tissera, Patricia Beatriz. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciónes Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio. - Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio; Argentina
Fil: White, S. D. M.. Gobierno de la Republica Federal de Alemania. Max Planck Institut Fur Astrophysik; Alemania
Fil: Springel, V.. Gobierno de la Republica Federal de Alemania. Max Planck Institut Fur Astrophysik; Alemania
Subject
METHODS:NUMERICAL
GALAXIES:ABUNDANCES
GALAXIES:EVOLUTION
GALAXIES:FORMATION
COSMOLOGY:THEORY
Astronomía
Ciencias Físicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/22053