Adsorption of volatile organic compounds onto activated carbon cloths derived from a novel regenerated cellulosic precursor

Authors
Ramos, María Eva; Bonelli, Pablo Ricardo; Cukierman, Ana Lea; Ribeiro Carrott, M. M. L.; Carrott, P. J. M.
Publication Year
2010
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Activated carbon cloths (ACC) were prepared from lyocell, a novel regenerated cellulose nanofibre fabric, by phosphoric acid activation in inert atmosphere at two different final thermal treatment temperatures (864 and 963 °C). Benzene, toluene and n-hexane isotherms at 298 and 273 K were measured in order to gain insight into the porous structure of the ACC and to evaluate their performance for the removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The Dubinin–Radushkevich equation was employed to evaluate textural parameters of the ACC. The textural characteristics of the ACC were compared with those previously determined from nitrogen (77 K) and carbon dioxide (273 K) adsorption data. The samples were essentially microporous. The textural parameters calculated from the hydrocarbon isotherms were in good agreement with those evaluated from nitrogen isotherms for the ACC with the wider microporosity. Additionally, the Freundlich model provided a good description of the experimental isotherms for the three volatile organic compounds. The ACC obtained at the higher temperature exhibited a larger adsorption capacity. The ACC were also electrically conductive and showed potential for regeneration by the Joule effect, as determined from macroscopic electrical measurements before and after n-hexane adsorption.
Fil: Ramos, María Eva. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Industrias; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Bonelli, Pablo Ricardo. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Industrias; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Cukierman, Ana Lea. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Industrias; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Departamento de Tecnología Farmacéutica; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Ribeiro Carrott, M. M. L.. Universidade de Évora; Portugal
Fil: Carrott, P. J. M.. Universidade de Évora; Portugal
Subject
ACTIVATED CARBON CLOTHS
MICROPOROUS MATERIALS
SURFACE PROPERTIES
VOLATILE ORANIC COMPOUNDS ADSORPTION
ELECTROCHEIAL REGENERATION
Ingeniería de Procesos Químicos
Ingeniería Química
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/16489