Immunobiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus improves resistance of infant mice against respiratory syncytial virus infection

Authors
Eriko, Chiba; Tomosada, Yohsuke; Vizoso Pinto, María Guadalupe; Salva, Maria Susana; Takahashi, Takuya; Tsukida, Kohichiro; Kitazawa, Haruki; Alvarez, Gladis Susana; Villena, Julio Cesar
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Previously we showed that orally administered Lactobacillus rhamnosus CRL1505 beneficially regulated the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators in the lungs of poly(I:C)-challenged mice, allowing an effective inflammatory response against the TLR3/RIG-I agonist but at the same time reducing tissue damage. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether oral administration of the CRL1505 strain was able to improve resistance against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in infant mice and to evaluate the immunological mechanisms involved in the immunobiotic effect. We demonstrated that treatment of 3-week old BALB/c mice with L. rhamnosus CRL1505 significantly reduce lung viral loads and tissue injuries after the challenge with RSV. Moreover, we showed that the protective effect achieved by the CRL1505 strain is related to its capacity to differentially modulate respiratory antiviral immune response. Our results shows that IFN-γ and IL-10 secreted in response to L. rhamnosus CRL1505 oral stimulation would modulate the pulmonary innate immune microenvironment conducting to the activation of CD103+ and CD11bhigh dendritic cells and the generation of CD3+CD4+IFN-γ+ Th1 cells with the consequent attenuation of the strong and damaging Th2 reactions associated with RSV challenge. Our results indicate that modulation of the common mucosal immune system by immunobiotics could favor protective immunity against respiratory viral pathogens with a high attack rate in early infancy, such as RSV.
Fil: Eriko, Chiba. Tohoku University. Graduate School of Agricultural Science. Food and Feed Immunology Group; Japón;
Fil: Tomosada, Yohsuke. Tohoku University. Graduate School of Agricultural Science. Food and Feed Immunology Group; Japón;
Fil: Vizoso Pinto, María Guadalupe. Universidad Nacional de Tucuman. Facultad de Medicina. Departamento Biomedico. Laboratorio de Fisiologia y Farmacologia Vascular; Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico - CONICET - Tucumán. Instituto Superior de Investigaciones Biológicas; Argentina;
Fil: Salva, Maria Susana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Tucumán. Centro de Referencia para Lactobacilos (i); Argentina;
Fil: Takahashi, Takuya. Tohoku University. Graduate School of Agricultural Science. Food and Feed Immunology Group; Japón;
Fil: Tsukida, Kohichiro. Tohoku University. Graduate School of Agricultural Science. Food and Feed Immunology Group; Japón;
Fil: Kitazawa, Haruki. Tohoku University. Graduate School of Agricultural Science. Food and Feed Immunology Group; Japón;
Fil: Alvarez, Gladis Susana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Tucumán. Centro de Referencia para Lactobacilos (i); Argentina; Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. Facultad de Bioquímica, Química y Farmacia. Instituto de Bioquímica Clínica Aplicada; Argentina;
Fil: Villena, Julio Cesar. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Tucumán. Centro de Referencia para Lactobacilos (i); Argentina; Tohoku University. Graduate School of Agricultural Science. Food and Feed Immunology Group; Japón;
Subject
L. RHAMNOSUS CRL150
RESPIRATORY SINCYTIAL VIRUS
ANTIVIRAL IMMUNITY
RESPIRATORY TRACT
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/2366