Fungal spores from the Palaeogene El Foyel Group of Ñirihuau Basin, Argentina

Authors
Martinez, Marcelo Adrian; Bianchinotti, Maria Virginia; Saxena, Ramesh K.; Cornou, Maria Elina; Quattrocchio, Mirta Elena
Publication Year
2016
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The El Foyel Group is defined in the western section (Andean) of the Nirihuau Basin, Argentina (41 °440 S– 71°300 W). It consists of three units: the Troncoso, Salto del Macho and Rıo Foyel formations. The age of the group and of the formations is still controversial. We studied the fungal remains recovered from 14 palynological samples from outcrops in the group with the intention of providing data to solve this problem. The fungal assemblage found is highly diverse and it is mostly composed of spores of different affinities (mainly ascomycetes). We identified 38 species from 18 genera (Anatolinites, Dictyosporites, Didymoporisporonites, Diporicellaesporites, Diporisporites, Dyadosporites, Exesisporites, Foveodiporites, Hypoxylonites, Inapertisporites, Lacrimasporonites, Monoporisporites, Multicellites, Papulosporonites, Pluricellaesporites, Polycellaesporonites, Staphlosporonites and one indet.). Moreover, we propose two new species (Hypoxylonites foyelensis sp. nov. and Pluricellaesporites patagonicus sp. nov.) and a new combination (Dyadosporites annulatus comb. nov.). Most of the species were recovered from samples from the Troncoso Formation (21), while the Salto del Macho and Rıo Foyel formations showed lesser diversity. Anatolinites subcapsilaris, Dyadosporites subovalis, Inapertisporites subovoideus, Monoporisporites singularovalis and Multicellites ellipticus, biomarkers from the Middle Eocene appeared in the Troncoso and Salto del Salto del Macho formations; whereas indicators of the Eocene–Oligocene, such as Dyadosporites elsikii, Didymoporisporonites panshanensis, Foveodiporites elegans, Lacrimasporonites fusoides and Multicellites leptaleus, were mainly recorded in the Rıo Foyel Formation. The appearance of the biomarkers mentioned above reinforces the Palaeogene age proposed for the El Foyel Group in previous palynological studies. The record of Hypoxylonites ater (Miocene) in the Salto del Macho formation would expand its range as far back as the Palaeogene.
Fil: Martinez, Marcelo Adrian. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto Geológico del Sur. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Departamento de Geología. Instituto Geológico del Sur; Argentina
Fil: Bianchinotti, Maria Virginia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiárida. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiárida; Argentina
Fil: Saxena, Ramesh K.. Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow; India
Fil: Cornou, Maria Elina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto Geológico del Sur. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Departamento de Geología. Instituto Geológico del Sur; Argentina
Fil: Quattrocchio, Mirta Elena. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca. Instituto Geológico del Sur. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Departamento de Geología. Instituto Geológico del Sur; Argentina
Subject
fungal spores
Dyadosporites
Hypoxylonites,
Pluricellaesporites,
Palaeogene
Argentina.
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/25162