Genetic variability in populations of the terrestrial isopod Armadillidium vulgare living in soils with different land uses

Authors
Diaz Porres, Monica; Rionda, Macarena; Madrid, Enrique; Bedano, José Camilo; Momo, Fernando Roberto; Fernandez Iriarte, Pedro Jose
Publication Year
2018
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The Argentine Pampas region is recognized by its high productivity and fertility, which make its soils suitable for agricultural use. However, the intensification of agricultural activities over the last forty years has led to an intense disturbance regime, characterized by an increase in the soil degradation rate. Soil degradation and its relationship with soil fauna communities are crucial issues in resource management. In this study, we investigated the effects of land-use change on the genetic variability of the terrestrial isopod Armadillidium vulgare, chosen as a biological model. The diversity and population genetic structure of this species were analyzed using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR)-PCR markers, in three land uses in two localities of Luján, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Genetic variability was high in natural grassland populations and lower in agricultural land uses. Both conventional FST analysis and Bayesian approach for dominant markers showed significant genetic differences between land uses within each locality. The loss of genetic variability and the population genetic structure can be used as indicators of system disturbance. Thus, in the soils studied, the degree of genetic variability of representative populations of the soil fauna can be a good indicator of the disturbance degree.
Fil: Diaz Porres, Monica. Universidad Nacional de Luján; Argentina
Fil: Rionda, Macarena. Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento; Argentina
Fil: Madrid, Enrique. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras; Argentina
Fil: Bedano, José Camilo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Momo, Fernando Roberto. Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento; Argentina
Fil: Fernandez Iriarte, Pedro Jose. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mar del Plata. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras; Argentina
Subject
ARMADILLIDIUM VULGARE
GENETIC VARIABILITY
LAND-USE CHANGE
POPULATION GENETIC STRUCTURE
SOIL FAUNA
Genética y Herencia
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/88229