Relaciones entre el carbono orgánico y propiedades edáficas y del sitio en suelos derivados de cenizas volcánicas, sudoeste de Neuquén (Argentina)
- Broquen, Patricia Cecilia; Candan, F.; Lobartini, Juan Carlos; Girardin, J. L.
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- An investigation was conducted to study the relationships between soil organic carbon and thoseproperties that may influence carbon accumulation in soils derived from volcanic ash through a rangeof bio-climatic conditions at the Andinopatagonian region in SW Neuquén, Argentina. Pedon andclimatic data of nineteen plots were used and grouped, through principal component analysis, by soilhydric regime –udic group (U) and xeric group (X)-. Within each group, a simple and a multipleregression analysis was carried out between organic C -content (t ha-1) or concentration (g kg-1)- andmean annual precipitation, bulk density, pH(H2O) and pH(NaF), oxalate extractable Al (Alo), pyro-phosphate-extractable Al (Alp), Alp/Alo, and Alo-Alp –the last four so as content or as concentra-tion. Mean annual precipitation, explained little variation in soil organic carbon in both groups (R2 =20), and bulk density was unrelated to soil organic carbon. Alp correlated strongly with organic Ccontent in both groups (U: R2 = 0.67, p<0.00001; X: R2 = 0.90, p<0.00001), but when expressed asconcentration Alp explanation was considerably lower (U: R2 = 0.10, p<0.02; X: R2 = 0.46, p<0.0006).When all factors were combined in a multiple regression analysis, the combination of Alp contents andmean annual precipitation, explained the greatest amount of variation in soil organic C content withinU group (R2U = 0.69, p<0.00001). According with previous studies, relationships between Alp/Alo or(Alp-Alo) and soil organic C were very poor, this confirms that organically bound Al in allophane isnot dominant. The fact that the better explanations were found when variables were expressed incontent rather than in concentration was probably due to the influence of specific area on humicmatter adsorption on volcanic ash soils. Our results suggested that in volcanic ash soils in SWNeuquén, Argentina, the chemical stabilization is the key process controlling soil organic C accumu-lation in some way independent of vegetation types.
Fil: Broquen, Patricia Cecilia. Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentina
Fil: Candan, F.. Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentina
Fil: Lobartini, Juan Carlos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Bahía Blanca; Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Sur. Departamento de Agronomía; Argentina
Fil: Girardin, J. L.. Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentina
Ciencias de la Tierra y relacionadas con el Medio Ambiente
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