Reduction of an afterhyperpolarization current increases excitability in striatal cholinergic interneurons in rat parkinsonism

Authors
Sanchez, Gonzalo Manuel; Rodriguez, Mariano Julian; Pomata, Pablo Ernesto; Rela, Lorena; Murer, Mario Gustavo
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Striatal cholinergic interneurons show tonic spiking activity in the intact and sliced brain, which stems from intrinsic mechanisms. Because of it, they are also known as "tonically active neurons" (TANs). Another hallmark of TAN electrophysiology is a pause response toappetitiveand aversiveeventsandtoenvironmentalcuesthathavepredicted these eventsduringlearning. Notably,thepause response is lost after the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in animal models of Parkinson's disease. Moreover, Parkinson's disease patients are in a hypercholinergic state and find some clinical benefit in anticholinergic drugs. Current theories propose that excitatory thalamic inputs conveying information about salient sensory stimuli trigger an intrinsic hyperpolarizing response in the striatal cholinergic interneurons. Moreover, it has been postulated that the loss of the pause response in Parkinson's disease is related to a diminution of IsAHP, a slow outward current that mediates an afterhyperpolarization following a train of action potentials. Here we report that IsAHP induces a marked spike-frequency adaptation in adult rat striatal cholinergic interneurons, inducing an abrupt end of firing during sustained excitation. Chronic loss of dopaminergic neurons markedly reduces IsAHP and spike-frequency adaptation in cholinergic interneurons, allowing them to fire continuously and at higher rates during sustained excitation. These findings provide a plausible explanation for the hypercholinergic state in Parkinson's disease. Moreover, areduction ofIsAHPmay alter synchronization ofcholinergic interneurons with afferent inputs, thus contributing to the loss of the pause response in Parkinson's disease.© 2011 the authors.
Fil: Sanchez, Gonzalo Manuel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay; Argentina
Fil: Rodriguez, Mariano Julian. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay; Argentina
Fil: Pomata, Pablo Ernesto. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay; Argentina
Fil: Rela, Lorena. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay; Argentina
Fil: Murer, Mario Gustavo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Fisiología y Biofísica Bernardo Houssay; Argentina
Subject
STRIATUM
CHOLINERGIC INTERNEURONS
TONICALLY ACTIVE NEURONS
PARKINSON'S DISEASE
Inmunología
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/52028