High night temperatures during grain number determination reduce wheat and barley grain yield: a field study

Authors
García, Guillermo Ariel; Dreccer, M. Fernanda; Miralles, Daniel Julio; Serrago, Roman Augusto
Publication Year
2015
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Warm nights are a widespread predicted feature of climate change. This study investigated the impact of high nighttemperatures during the critical period for grain yield determination in wheat and barley crops under field conditions,assessing the effects on development, growth and partitioning crop-level processes driving grain number perunit area (GN). Experiments combined: (i) two contrasting radiation and temperature environments: late sowing in2011 and early sowing in 2013, (ii) two well-adapted crops with similar phenology: bread wheat and two-row maltingbarley and (iii) two temperature regimes: ambient and high night temperatures. The night temperature increase (ca.3.9 °C in both crops and growing seasons) was achieved using purpose-built heating chambers placed on the crop at19:000 hours and removed at 7:00 hours every day from the third detectable stem node to 10 days post-flowering.Across growing seasons and crops, the average minimum temperature during the critical period ranged from 11.2 to17.2 °C. Wheat and barley grain yield were similarly reduced under warm nights (ca. 7% °C1), due to GN reductions(ca. 6% °C1) linked to a lower number of spikes per m2. An accelerated development under high night temperaturesled to a shorter critical period duration, reducing solar radiation capture with negative consequences forbiomass production, GN and therefore, grain yield. The information generated could be used as a starting point todesign management and/or breeding strategies to improve crop adaptation facing climate change.
Fil: García, Guillermo Ariel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Departamento de Producción Vegetal. Cátedra de Cerealicultura; Argentina
Fil: Dreccer, M. Fernanda. University of Queensland. Cooper Laboratory. CSIRO Plant Industry; Australia
Fil: Miralles, Daniel Julio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Departamento de Producción Vegetal. Cátedra de Cerealicultura; Argentina
Fil: Serrago, Roman Augusto. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Departamento de Producción Vegetal. Cátedra de Cerealicultura; Argentina
Subject
Wheat
Barley
Temperatire
Agricultura
Agricultura, Silvicultura y Pesca
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/4237