Organic C, N and P in size fractions of virgin and cultivated soils of the semi-arid pampa of Argentina

Authors
Buschiazzo, Daniel Eduardo; Hevia, Graciela Gloria; Hepper, Estela Noemí; Ana María, Urioste; Bono, Alfredo A.; Babinec, Francisco José
Publication Year
2001
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Nutrient and organic carbon (OC) losses are important components of the soil degradation processes produced by continuous agriculture. It was hypothesized that coarse textured soils will be more affected by cultivation than tine textured ones. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the status of OC, total nitrogen (Nt), and three phosphorous fractions (total inorganic, Pi; organic, Po; and available, Pa) in different textured virgin (under Prosopis caldenia forest) and cultivated soils of the semi-arid pampa of Argentina. Three virgin and non-fertilized cultivated soil pairs, representative from soils of the region, were selected for this study: two tine sandy loam Entic Haplustolls and a sandy Typic Ustipsamment. The element content of each soil was analysed from the < 0.1-mm to 0.1-2-mm sized aggregates. Results indicated that cultivation decreased the OC, Po and Pi contents in tine aggregates of the tine textured soils, and in coarse aggregates of the coarse textured soil. Plant absorption and wind erosion were probably the main processes which decreased element contents in both textural soil types. It was speculated that in the sandy soil the elements lost from tine sized aggregates were restored by the break down of the weak coarse aggregates produced by tillage. The C/N ratios showed mostly small changes due to cultivation, indicating that no changes of organic matter quality occurred. Only the sandy soil showed C/N increases in the tine sized aggregates and decreases in the coarse sized aggregates. The C/Po quotients were not changed by cultivation, indicating that the qualitative composition of P organic compounds remained unchanged. Large OC decreases and Pa increases after cultivation detected in one of the tine textured soil were apparently linked to the occurrence of natural fires. © 2001 Academic Press.
Fil: Buschiazzo, Daniel Eduardo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional La Pampa-San Luis. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Anguil; Argentina
Fil: Hevia, Graciela Gloria. Universidad Nacional de La Pampa. Facultad de Agronomía; Argentina
Fil: Hepper, Estela Noemí. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de La Pampa. Facultad de Agronomía; Argentina
Fil: Ana María, Urioste. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de La Pampa. Facultad de Agronomía; Argentina
Fil: Bono, Alfredo A.. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional La Pampa-San Luis. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Anguil; Argentina
Fil: Babinec, Francisco José. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional La Pampa-San Luis. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Anguil; Argentina
Subject
PARTICULATE ORGANIC MATTER
SOIL DEGRADATION
Meteorología y Ciencias Atmosféricas
Ciencias de la Tierra y relacionadas con el Medio Ambiente
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/71616