3-Mercaptopropionic acid-induced repetitive seizures increase GluN2A expression in rat hippocampus: a potential neuroprotective role of cyclopentyladenosine

Authors
Gori, María Belén; Girardi, Elena Silvia
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is involved in synaptic plasticity, learning, memory, and neurological diseases like epilepsy and it is the major mediator of excitotoxicity. Functional NMDARs in the mature brain are heteromeric complexes composed of different subunits: GluN1 and GluN2. There are four different GluN2 subunits (A–D) and each of them critically determines the pharmacological and electrophysiological properties of NMDARs. GluN1 is ubiquitously expressed in the central nervous system while the highest GluN2A expression is in the hippocampus. Adenosine, an endogenous anticonvulsant, is a neuromodulator with a critical role in the regulation of neuronal activity, mediating its effect on specific receptors, among which adenosine A1 receptor is highly expressed in the hippocampus. In the present work hippocampal GluN2A expression after the convulsant drug 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MP) induced seizures and the effect of cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) given alone or prior to MP (CPA + MP) in an acute or repetitive experimental model was studied. CPA administered to rats for one or 4 days increases seizure threshold induced by MP. After one administration of MP, no significant difference in GluN2A expression was observed in CPA and CPA + MP by Western blot, although immunohistochemistry revealed an increase in CA2/3 area. However, repetitive MP administration during 4 days showed a significant increase of GluN2A expression, and the repetitive administration of CPA 30 min prior to MP caused a significant decrease of GluN2A expression with respect to MP treatment, returning to control levels. These results show that GluN2A subunit is involved in repetitive MP-induced seizures, while CPA administration displays a protective effect against it.
Fil: Gori, María Belén. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Biología Celular y Neurociencia "Prof. Eduardo de Robertis". Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Biología Celular y Neurociencia ; Argentina
Fil: Girardi, Elena Silvia. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Biología Celular y Neurociencia "Prof. Eduardo de Robertis". Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Biología Celular y Neurociencia ; Argentina
Subject
NMDAR
GluN2A
Hippocampus
Epilepsy
Cyclopentyladenosine
3-Mercaptopropionic acid
Neurociencias
Medicina Básica
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/17003