Further results from the galactic O-Star Spectroscopic Survey: rapidly rotating late ON giants

Authors
Walborn, Nolan R.; Maíz Apellániz, Jesús; Sota, Alfredo; Alfaro, Emilio J.; Morrell, Nidia I.; Barba, Rodolfo Hector; Arias, Julia Ines; Gamen, Roberto Claudio
Publication Year
2011
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
With new data from the Galactic O-Star Spectroscopic Survey, we confirm and expand the ONn category of late-O, nitrogen-enriched (N), rapidly rotating (n) giants. In particular, we have discovered two “clones” (HD 102415 and HD 117490) of one of the most rapidly rotating O stars previously known (HD 191423, “Howarth’s Star”). We compare the locations of these objects in the theoretical H-R diagram to those of slowly rotating ON dwarfs and supergiants. All ON giants known to date are rapid rotators, whereas no ON dwarf or supergiant is, but all ON stars are small fractions of their respective spectral-type/luminosity-class/rotational subcategories. The ONn giants, displaying both substantial processed material and high rotation at an intermediate evolutionary stage, may provide significant information about the development of these properties. They may have preserved high initial rotational velocities or may have been spun up by terminal-age main-sequence core contraction; alternatively, and perhaps more likely, they may be products of binary mass transfer. At least some of them are also runaway stars.
Fil: Walborn, Nolan R.. Space Telescope Science Institute; Estados Unidos
Fil: Maíz Apellániz, Jesús. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas. Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía; España
Fil: Sota, Alfredo. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas. Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía; España
Fil: Alfaro, Emilio J.. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas. Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía; España
Fil: Morrell, Nidia I.. The Carnegie Observatories. Las Campanas Observatory; Chile
Fil: Barba, Rodolfo Hector. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico La Plata. Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata; Argentina. Universidad de la Serena; Chile
Fil: Arias, Julia Ines. Universidad de la Serena; Chile
Fil: Gamen, Roberto Claudio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico La Plata. Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata; Argentina
Subject
Abundances of stars
Early type stars
Evolution of stars
Fundamental parameters of stars
Astronomía
Ciencias Físicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/10068