Brewer's Yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Enhances Attraction of Two Invasive Yellowjackets (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) to Dried Fruit and Fruit Powder

Authors
Babcock, Tamara; Gries, Regine; Borden, John; Palmero, Luis; Mattiacci, Analia; Masciocchi, Maité; Corley, Juan Carlos; Gries, Gerhard
Publication Year
2017
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The German yellowjacket, Vespula germanica F., and common yellowjacket, Vespula vulgaris L. (Hymenoptera: Vespidae), are pests of significant economic, environmental, and medical importance in many countries. There is a need for the development and improvement of attractive baits that can be deployed in traps to capture and kill these wasps in areas where they are a problem. Yellowjackets are known to feed on fermenting fruit, but this resource is seldom considered as a bait due to its ephemeral nature and its potential attractiveness to nontarget species. We analyzed the headspace volatiles of dried fruit and fruit powder baits with and without Brewer's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and we field tested these baits for their attractiveness to yellowjackets in Argentina. The addition of yeast to dried fruit and fruit powder changed the volatile compositions, increasing the number of alcohols and acids and decreasing the number of aldehydes. Dried fruit and fruit powder baits on their own were hardly attractive to yellowjackets, but the addition of yeast improved their attractiveness by 9- to 50-fold and surpassed the attractiveness of a commercial heptyl butyrate-based wasp lure. We suggest that further research be done to test additional varieties and species of yeasts. A dried fruit or fruit powder bait in combination with yeast could become a useful tool in the management of yellowjackets.
Fil: Babcock, Tamara. University Fraser Simon; Canadá
Fil: Gries, Regine. University Fraser Simon; Canadá
Fil: Borden, John. Scott Canada; Canadá
Fil: Palmero, Luis. University Fraser Simon; Canadá
Fil: Mattiacci, Analia. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional Patagonia Norte. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria San Carlos de Bariloche. Laboratorio de Ecología de Insectos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Masciocchi, Maité. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional Patagonia Norte. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria San Carlos de Bariloche. Laboratorio de Ecología de Insectos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Corley, Juan Carlos. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Centro Regional Patagonia Norte. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria San Carlos de Bariloche. Laboratorio de Ecología de Insectos; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Gries, Gerhard. University Fraser Simon; Canadá
Subject
BREWER'S YEAST
FERMENTING FRUIT
SACCHAROMYCES
TRAP BAIT
VESPULA
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/71298