Galacto-oligosaccharides formation during manufacture of different varieties of yogurt. Stability through storage

Authors
Vénica, Claudia Inés; Bergamini, Carina Viviana; Rebechi, Silvina Roxana; Perotti, Maria Cristina
Publication Year
2015
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) have interest in the food industry due to their recognized functional properties. In this work, we studied the effect of a commercial β-galactosidase enzyme from Kluyveromyces lactis (YNL-2, GODO) and Lactobacillus acidophilus La-5, on GOS formation during the manufacture and storage of drinkable and stirred yogurts. In a preliminary step, GOS synthesis and lactose hydrolysis by β-galactosidase was evaluated at different initial lactose concentrations and doses of enzyme. The GOS formation was favored with increasing of lactose concentration and enzyme doses, while the hydrolysis dominated at lower level of lactose. In turn, the presence of GOS was already evident at 45min of fermentation in yogurts with addition of β-galactosidase. Mean concentrations were 0.36 and 0.62g/100g for fresh drinkable and stirred yogurts, respectively. No changes in the GOS levels were observed through storage, indicating that they were stable in the products. The probiotic bacteria added were not able to produce GOS. The diminution of lactose was significant in yogurts with β-galactosidase; contents of residual lactose were around 1.3g/100g. We obtained different varieties of reduced-lactose yogurts enriched in galacto-oligosaccharides. The presence of probiotic and prebiotic would increase the functional properties of yogurts.
Fil: Vénica, Claudia Inés. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Lactología Industrial. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ingeniería Química. Instituto de Lactología Industrial; Argentina
Fil: Bergamini, Carina Viviana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Lactología Industrial. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ingeniería Química. Instituto de Lactología Industrial; Argentina
Fil: Rebechi, Silvina Roxana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Lactología Industrial. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ingeniería Química. Instituto de Lactología Industrial; Argentina
Fil: Perotti, Maria Cristina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Lactología Industrial. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ingeniería Química. Instituto de Lactología Industrial; Argentina
Subject
GALACTO-OLIGOSACCHARIDES
INULIN
LACTOBACILLUS ACIDOPHILUS
YOGURT
Β-GALACTOSIDASE
Alimentos y Bebidas
Otras Ingenierías y Tecnologías
INGENIERÍAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/37897