Direct molecular profiling of minicircle signatures and lineages of Trypanosoma cruzi bloodstream populations causing congenital Chagas disease

Authors
Burgos, Juan Miguel; Altcheh, Jaime Marcelo; Bisio, Margarita María Catalina; Duffy, Tomás; Valadares, Helder M. S.; Seidenstein, María Elena; Piccinali, Romina Valeria; Freitas, Jorge M.; Levin, Mariano Jorge; Macchi, Liliana; Macedo, Andrea M.; Freilij, Hector León; Schijman, Alejandro Gabriel
Publication Year
2007
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi may occur in some or all the gestations from a T. cruzi-infected mother. Variable rates of congenital transmission have been reported in different geographical areas where different parasitic strains predominate, suggesting that parasitic genotypes might play a role in the risk of congenital transmission. Moreover, in cases of transmission it is unknown if the whole maternal T. cruzi population or certain clones are preferentially transmitted by the transplacental route. In this study, bloodstream T. cruzi lineages were identified in blood samples from congenitally infected children, transmitting and non-transmitting mothers and unrelated Chagas disease patients, using improved PCR strategies targeted to nuclear genomic markers. T. cruzi IId was the prevalent genotype among 36/38 PCR-positive congenitally infected infants, 5/5 mothers who transmitted congenital Chagas disease, 12/13 mothers who delivered non-infected children and 28/34 unrelated Chagas disease patients, all coming from endemic localities of Argentina and Bolivia. These figures indicate no association between a particular genotype and vertical transmission. Furthermore, minicircle signatures from the maternal and infants' bloodstream trypanosomes were profiled by restriction fragment length polymorphism of the 330-bp PCR-amplified variable regions in seven cases of mothers and congenitally infected infants. Minicircle signatures were nearly identical between each mother and her infant/s and unique to each mother-infant/s case, a feature that was also observed in twin deliveries. Moreover, allelic size polymorphism analysis of microsatellite loci from populations transmitted to twins showed that all clones from the maternal polyclonal population were equally infective to both siblings.
Fil: Burgos, Juan Miguel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina
Fil: Altcheh, Jaime Marcelo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Hospital General de Niños "Ricardo Gutiérrez"; Argentina
Fil: Bisio, Margarita María Catalina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina
Fil: Duffy, Tomás. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina
Fil: Valadares, Helder M. S.. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais; Brasil
Fil: Seidenstein, María Elena. Hospital Bernardino Rivadavia; Argentina
Fil: Piccinali, Romina Valeria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución. Laboratorio de Eco-Epidemiología; Argentina
Fil: Freitas, Jorge M.. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais; Brasil
Fil: Levin, Mariano Jorge. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina
Fil: Macchi, Liliana. Hospital Bernardino Rivadavia; Argentina
Fil: Macedo, Andrea M.. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais; Brasil
Fil: Freilij, Hector León. Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Hospital General de Niños "Ricardo Gutiérrez"; Argentina
Fil: Schijman, Alejandro Gabriel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular "Dr. Héctor N. Torres"; Argentina
Subject
MICROSATELLITE LOCI
PHYLOGENETIC LINEAGE
REAL TIME PCR
TRANSPLACENTAL TRANSMISSION
TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI CLONALITY
Parasitología
Ciencias de la Salud
CIENCIAS MÉDICAS Y DE LA SALUD
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/82963