Patterns of substance use among Argentinean adolescents and analysis of the effect of age at first alcohol use on substance use behaviors

Authors
Pilatti, Angelina; Godoy, Juan Carlos; Brussino, Silvina Alejandra; Pautassi, Ricardo Marcos
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Objective The present study used an empirically based method to characterize substance use in a sample of Argentinean adolescents and analyzed the association between age at drinking onset and substance use behaviors. Differences in alcohol expectancies and personality traits as a function of different patterns of substance use were also explored. Method Data were obtained from 583 adolescents aged 13–18 years (M = 15.01 years; SD = 1.5 years; 59.5% female) from the city of Cordoba, Argentina. Alcohol, tobacco, and drug use and age at first alcohol use were measured. Personality traits, including extroversion, conscientiousness, impulsivity, and aggression, and positive and negative alcohol expectancies were assessed. Latent Class Analysis was applied to examine the structure of five co-occurring substance use behaviors: frequency of alcohol use, quantity of alcohol use, prevalence of drunkenness episodes, tobacco use, and drug use. Results Latent Class Analysis revealed five distinct patterns of substance use. The classes differed in substance use behaviors, personality traits, and alcohol expectancies. Adolescents with early drinking onset were more likely to show heavier alcohol use, more drunkenness episodes, and more drug use than adolescents with late drinking onset. Conclusions Latent Class Analysis allowed the detection of groups of adolescents with distinct patterns of substance use. These groups exhibited significantly different personality and alcohol expectancy profiles, likely representing subgroups who are at greater risk for developing alcohol-related problems.
Fil: Pilatti, Angelina. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Psicología; Argentina
Fil: Godoy, Juan Carlos. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Psicología; Argentina
Fil: Brussino, Silvina Alejandra. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Psicología; Argentina
Fil: Pautassi, Ricardo Marcos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Córdoba. Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas Mercedes y Martín Ferreyra; Argentina
Subject
Alcohol
Adolescentes
Psicología
Psicología
CIENCIAS SOCIALES
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/7395