Detection of Trypanosoma evansi infection in wild capybaras from Argentina using smear microscopy and real-time PCR assays

Authors
Eberhardt, María Ayelen Teresita; Monje, Lucas Daniel; Zurvera, D. A.; Beldomenico, Pablo Martín
Publication Year
2014
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Trypanosoma evansi is a flagellated protozoan that parasitizes a wide variety of mammals, occasionally including humans. In South America, it infects horses, cattle, buffaloes, dogs and wild mammals, causing a disease known as "Mal de Caderas", which results in important economic losses due to a wide range of pathological expressions. Argentina represents the southern limit of its distribution. The capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) is a large rodent found in tropical to temperate freshwater wetlands of South America. As capybaras infected with T. evansi present no clinical signs of disease, withstanding high parasitaemia, this species was proposed as a reservoir host. In this study we investigated the prevalence and parasitaemic intensity of T. evansi in samples obtained from 60 free-ranging capybaras of Esteros del Iberá (Corrientes province, northeastern Argentina) using smear microscopy and real-time PCR assays. All the cases of capybaras infected with T. evansi were found during one of the years studied, with no evidence of seasonality. The overall infection prevalence was 10%, but between years it ranged from 0% to 17% (in 2011). This is the first confirmation of T. evansi infection in Argentina by molecular biology techniques. Our results showed no differences between the methods used to detect the presence of T. evansi in capybaras, which indicates that simple methods like microscopy can generate important data on the ecoepidemiology of this parasite. Both techniques used in this study represent a viable tool for ecoepidemiological studies, and can be used to produce good estimates of prevalence and parasitaemic level of the infection, which inform for the implementation of strategies for the control of the disease.
Fil: Eberhardt, María Ayelen Teresita. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Ciencias Veterinarias del Litoral. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Cs.veterinarias. Instituto de Ciencias Veterinarias del Litoral; Argentina
Fil: Monje, Lucas Daniel. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Ciencias Veterinarias del Litoral. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Cs.veterinarias. Instituto de Ciencias Veterinarias del Litoral; Argentina
Fil: Zurvera, D. A.. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Ciencias Veterinarias del Litoral. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Cs.veterinarias. Instituto de Ciencias Veterinarias del Litoral; Argentina
Fil: Beldomenico, Pablo Martín. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Santa Fe. Instituto de Ciencias Veterinarias del Litoral. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Cs.veterinarias. Instituto de Ciencias Veterinarias del Litoral; Argentina
Subject
TRYPANOSOMA EVANSI
MAL DE CADERAS
SURRA
HYDROCHOERUS HYDROCHAERIS
CAPYBARA
SMEAR MICROSCOPY
REAL TIME PCR
Otras Ciencias Veterinarias
Ciencias Veterinarias
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/20295