Pituitary of non-pregnant and pregnant viscachas (Lagostomus maximus maximus): a comparative study by immunohistochemical and morphometric analysis

Authors
Filippa, Veronica Palmira; Mohamed, Fabian
Publication Year
2010
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
The neuroendocrine hypothalamic-pituitary axis undergoes morphological and biochemical changes throughout gestation. In viscacha, pregnancy lasts approximately 154 days, and three stages can be described: early, mid- and late pregnancy. The aim of this work was to study the pituitary LH-gonadotrophs, FSH-gonadotrophs, somatotrophs, corticotrophs and thyrotrophs of non-pregnant and pregnant adult viscachas by immunohistochemistry and morphometric analysis. Immunopositive percentage area (%IA), cell percentage in the pars distalis (%PDC), number of cells per reference area (n°cell/RA), and major cellular (MCD) and nuclear (ND) diameters were analyzed. The different cell populations showed a well-defined morphology, immunolabeling patterns and regionalization in the pars distalis (PD). In the early pregnancy of animals the morphometric analysis demonstrated that %IA, %PDC and n°cell/RA increased in the FSH-gonadotrophs and decreased in the somatotrophs in relation to non-pregnant animals. In mid-pregnancy, there was an increase in %IA, %PDC, and n°cell/RA of LH-gonadotrophs, FSH-gonadotrophs, somatotrophs, and thyrotrophs. The MCD of LH-gonadotrophs and FSH-gonadotrophs increased. In late pregnancy, the %IA, %PDC and n°cell/RA of LH-gonadotrophs, FSH-gonadotrophs, somatotrophs and corticotrophs decreased whereas the values of the thyrotrophs remained constant. The MCD of LH-gonadotrophs, FSH-gonadotrophs and corticotrophs decreased. No significant changes were observed in the ND of the studied cell types. In conclusion, this work provides evidence for histological and morphometric changes in the different cell types of the pituitary PD in viscachas during pregnancy, probably according to the requirements of this physiological stage.
Fil: Filippa, Veronica Palmira. Universidad Nacional de San Luis. Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico San Luis; Argentina
Fil: Mohamed, Fabian. Universidad Nacional de San Luis. Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia; Argentina
Subject
HORMONAL
PARS DISTALIS
PITUITARY
PREGNANCY
Otras Ciencias Biológicas
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/13978