Large procyanidins prevent bile acid-induced oxidant production and membrane-initiated ERK1/2, p38, and Akt activation in Caco-2 cells

Authors
Da Silva, Mathieu; Jaggers, Grayson K.; Verstraeten, Sandra Viviana; Erlejman, Alejandra Giselle; Fraga, Cesar Guillermo; Oteiza, Patricia Isabel
Publication Year
2012
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Procyanidins are oligomers of flavanol subunits present in large amounts in fruits and vegetables. Their consumption is associated with health benefits against colonic inflammation and colorectal cancer (CRC). Large procyanidins (with more than three subunits) are not absorbed by intestinal epithelial cells but could exert biological actions through their interactions with the cell membrane. This study investigated the capacity of hexameric procyanidins (Hex) to prevent oncogenic events initiated by deoxycholic acid (DCA), a secondary bile acid linked to the promotion of CRC. Hex interacted with Caco-2 cell membranes preferentially at the water–lipid interface. Hex (2.5–20 μM) inhibited DCA-triggered increase in cellular calcium, NADPH oxidase activation, and oxidant production. DCA promoted the activation of protein kinase B (Akt), of the mitogen-activated protein kinases ERK1/2 and p38, and of the downstream transcription factor AP-1. This activation was not triggered by calcium or oxidant increases. Hex caused a dose-dependent inhibition of DCA-mediated activation of all these signals. DCA also triggered alterations in the cell monolayer morphology and apoptotic cell death, events that were delayed by Hex. The capacity of large procyanidins to interact with the cell membrane and prevent those cell membrane-associated events can in part explain the beneficial effects of procyanidins on CRC.
Fil: Da Silva, Mathieu. University of California at Davis; Estados Unidos
Fil: Jaggers, Grayson K.. University of California at Davis; Estados Unidos
Fil: Verstraeten, Sandra Viviana. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Química y Físico-Química Biológicas "Prof. Alejandro C. Paladini". Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Instituto de Química y Físico-Química Biológicas; Argentina
Fil: Erlejman, Alejandra Giselle. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Química Biológica de la Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de Química Biológica de la Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales; Argentina
Fil: Fraga, Cesar Guillermo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Houssay. Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular; Argentina. University of California at Davis; Estados Unidos
Fil: Oteiza, Patricia Isabel. University of California at Davis; Estados Unidos. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Subject
Procyanidins
Flavonoids
Intestinal epithelial cells
Bile acids
Free radicals
NADPH oxidase
Membrane
MAPK
Colorectal cancer
Bioquímica y Biología Molecular
Ciencias Biológicas
CIENCIAS NATURALES Y EXACTAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/18183