Fosfomycin concentrations in epithelial lining fluid in weaning piglets

Authors
Soraci, Alejandro Luis; Pérez, Denisa Soledad; Martínez, Guadalupe; Amanto, F.; Tapia, Maria Ofelia; Dieguez, S.; Fernández Paggi, María Belén
Publication Year
2012
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Concentrations of fosfomycin into the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) were studied by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) on 6 healthy weaning piglets after the administration of disodium fosfomycin 15 mg/kg intramuscularly (IM). The mean concentrations of fosfomycin in ELF were lower than those in plasma at all sampling time points. Fosfomycin concentrations in ELF were 12.1 % of those in serum. The degree of penetration of fosfomycin into the ELF was determined by comparing the AUC0–8 in ELF with the AUC0–8 in serum. The ratio AUCELF / AUCserum was 0.15 ± 0.02. The Cmax in serum and in ELF were 45.00 ± 2.51 and 3.10 ± 0.95 µg/ml, respectively. These concentrations were achieved at different times (Tmax in serum and ELF: 1.00 ± 0.00 and 2.58 ± 0.49 h, respectively). Effective bacterial killing can be expected from the first antibiotic dosage when the pathogen’s MIC is covered for at least 60–70% of the dosing interval. Different authors have determined a fosfomycin MIC90 for Streptococcus sp (important respiratory pathogens in piglets) of 0.25 µg/ml. Fosfomycin concentrations in ELF remained above the MIC90 value for Streptococcus during more than 8 h post IM administration of 15 mg/kg in weaning piglets. However, additional studies should be carried out in the lungs of infected pigs.
Fil: Soraci, Alejandro Luis. Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Fisiopatologia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Pérez, Denisa Soledad. Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Fisiopatologia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Martínez, Guadalupe. Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Fisiopatologia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Amanto, F.. Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Producción Animal; Argentina
Fil: Tapia, Maria Ofelia. Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Fisiopatologia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Dieguez, S.. Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Fisiopatologia; Argentina
Fil: Fernández Paggi, María Belén. Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Departamento de Fisiopatologia; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Subject
FOSFOMYCIN
EPITHELIAL LINING FLUID
BRONCHOALVEOLAR LAVAGE
WEANING PIGLETS
RESPIRATORY PATHOGENS
Ciencias Veterinarias
Ciencias Veterinarias
CIENCIAS AGRÍCOLAS
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/70856