A new procedure for estimating the temperature and the departure of the LTE condition in a time-dependent plasma

Authors
Bredice, Fausto Osvaldo; Borges, F.; Di Rocco, Hector Omar; Sarmiento Mercado, Rafael; Villagrán-Muniz, M.
Publication Year
2013
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
This paper presents a method for estimating the temperature of transient plasmas and their degree of departure of the LTE condition. This method is based on the application of the Boltzmann and Saha equations on the temporal variation of the intensity of the spectral lines of the plasma, under the assumption that the plasmas at the different times where the spectra were obtained are in Local thermal Equilibrium. The method does not require the knowledge of the spectral efficiency of the spectrometer/detector, of the transition probabilities of the lines considered or the degeneracies of the upper and lower levels. Provided that the conditions of optically thin, homogeneous plasma in LTE are fulfilled, the only limiting factor to the accuracy of the method is the precision in determining the line intensity at the two temperatures Ta and Tb considered. The method also proposes a relation between plasma temperature and electron number density which could be used for determining deviations from ideal plasma conditions in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) experiments.
Fil: Bredice, Fausto Osvaldo. Consejo Nacional de Invest.cientif.y Tecnicas. Centro Cientifico Tecnol.conicet - la Plata. Centro de Invest.opticas (i); Argentina;
Fil: Borges, F.. Universidad Federal Fluminense; Brasil;
Fil: Di Rocco, Hector Omar. Consejo Nacional de Invest.cientif.y Tecnicas. Centro Cientifico Tecnol.conicet - la Plata. Centro de Invest.opticas (i); Argentina;
Fil: Sarmiento Mercado, Rafael. Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Bs.as.. Facultad de Cs.exactas. Instituto de Fisica Arroyo Seco;
Fil: Villagrán-Muniz, M.. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Centro de Ciencias Aplicadas y Desarrollo Tecnológica. . Laboratorio de Fotofísica. Centro de Ciencias Aplicadas y Desarrollo Tecnológica; Argentina;
Subject
Temperature
Plasma
Ciencias Naturales y Exactas
Ciencias Físicas
Física Atómica, Molecular y Química (física de Átomos y Moléculas Incluyendo Colisión, Interacción Con Radiación, Resonancia Magnética, Moessbauer Efecto.)
Access level
Open access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/885