A panic experimental model: Validation of a complex operant behavioral method in undernourished rats, with desipramine to provide a template effect profile

Authors
Vigliecca, Nora Silvana; Molina, Silvia Cristina; Peñalva, Marisa Carola
Publication Year
2006
Language
English
Format
article
Status
Published version
Description
Introduction: Clinical studies have shown that some antidepressants may be more efficient than benzodiazepines to alleviate anxiety associated with panic disorders; however, operant conflict procedures in rats developed so far seem not particularly able to model human anxiety sensitive to antidepressant treatments. Previous panic models with learned responses did not statistically subtract the effect of confounding factors from the variable of interest. Methods: Undernourished rats were selected due to their behavioral and neurobiological resemblance to human patients suffering from panic disorder. The Geller–Seifter paradigm represented the stressful environmental condition in adult life. Desipramine (10 mg/kg/day) or saline were administered IP during 7 days under a cross over design (N= 10). Five daily 15 min-operant sessions were carried out on each experiment. Unpunished, unrewarded and punished operant behavioral periods were identical both in their duration and in their reward system (the FR1 schedule) in order to measure response suppression, which has not been considered in previous studies with the Geller–Seifter paradigm. The dependent variable was the difference between comparable unpunished and punished periods. Results: A significant Diet × Drug interaction was observed in the dependent variable, which represented the level of “suppression/suppression release” induced by treatments. Discussion: Compared to control rats, deprived rats showed a significant and selective anticonflict effect of desipramine on the stressful and complex operant performance. The animal model of perinatally protein-deprived rats along with the Geller–Seifter's operant behavioral paradigm may represent a more sensitive approach to model human anxiety sensitive to antidepressant treatments by considering the combined impact of both early biological trauma and adult learned experiences under the same design.
Fil: Vigliecca, Nora Silvana. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades. Centro de Investigaciones Maria Saleme Burnichón; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina
Fil: Molina, Silvia Cristina. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades. Centro de Investigaciones Maria Saleme Burnichón; Argentina
Fil: Peñalva, Marisa Carola. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades. Centro de Investigaciones Maria Saleme Burnichón; Argentina
Subject
Methodology
Pharmacology
Behavioral
Cognition
Otras Psicología
Psicología
CIENCIAS SOCIALES
Access level
Restricted access
License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ar/
Repository
CONICET Digital (CONICET)
Institution
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
OAI Identifier
oai:ri.conicet.gov.ar:11336/25179